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Kaziranga National Park

One of the most breathtakingly picturesque wildlife habitats of southern Asia and a UNESCO World Heritage Site, Kaziranga is inhabited by the world's largest population of one-horned rhinoceroses, as well as wild buffaloes, tigers, elephants, swamp deer and thousands of birds.

Kaziranga set ideally on the southern bank of River Brahmaputra in Assam’s Golghat district, is a World Heritage Site and a veritable heaven for wildlife lovers.
Lying at the foot of the Mikir Hills and rising to a height of 1200m, Kaziranga is a stunning biodiversity hot spot of Wetlands, tall elephant grasslands, forests and riverine habitats fed by the splendid Brahmaputra River. The tall grasses are called  'elephant grass' and grow up to a height of five metres
Kaziranga was declared a National Park in 1974 and the original core area of 428 sq/km, was declared a World Heritage Site in December 1985.

The beauty of Kaziranga is best discovered in winter months when the park gets swathed in mist in the early morning. Savouring the beauty of the silent grasslands from the back of a elephant trudging through the grasslands with rhinos, buffaloes and swamp deer, with the first rays of the sun glistening on the dew drops on the blades of grass is an experience like no other. On a safari in a jeep sometimes the rhinos give chase creating an exhilarating moment of adventure that remains in the mind forever.

On rare occasions, one can see up to 30 rhinos together in the open grasslands. As the sun becomes stronger the beautiful landscape starts to unfold, dominated by elephant grass, interspersed with patches of short undergrowth and dotted with marshes.

Elephants with their babies frolic in the water along with water buffaloes and the endangered swamp deer. The flying fox and the Malabar flying squirrel can be seen flying from the tree tops and the park is also home to 11 species of turtles.

Kaziranga has the greatest density of tigers in the world - 32.64 per100 sq/km, but they are difficult to spot due to the high grasses.

The Park is divided into three main ranges:
Agoratoli range:  The eastern part has woodland interspersed with grassland and water-bodies locally called “bheels”.

Kohora range:  The central part is made up of wetlands that are rich in birdlife.

Baguri range: The western part of the Park has the highest rhinoceros density.

Elephant, rhinoceros, wild buffalo, tiger and Swamp Deer are some of the 52 mammalian species that have been recorded in the Park itself/ This group also includes such rarities like Gangetic Dolphin, Chinese Pangolin, Hoolock Gibbon, Hog-Badger and Parti-coloured Flying Squirrel.

Kaziranga is a bird paradise with nearly 500 species that include Swamp Francolin, Pale-capped Pigeon, Bengal Florican, Great and Wreathed Hornbill, Jerdon's Baza, Slender-billed Vulture, Pallas’s Fishing Eagle, Greater Spotted Eagle, Imperial Eagle, Pied Harrier, Pied Falconet, Oriental Hobby, Black-necked Stork, Greater Adjutant, Hodgson’s Bushchat, White-vented Myna, Rufous-vented Prinia , Marsh Babbler, Jerdon’s Babbler, Black-breasted Parrotbill and Finn’s Weaver. There is a breeding colony of Spot-billed Pelicans near Koladuar in the Agoratoli range. During winter months a large number of migratory birds are seen here.

In 1904, when Mary Victoria Leiter Curzon, the wife of the Viceroy of India, Lord Curzon, visited Kaziranga, she failed to see a single rhinoceros. As a result of this, she persuaded Lord Kurzon to initiate urgent measures to protect the Rhinoceros population and leading to the creation of Kaziranga Proposed Reserve Forest in 1905 with an area of 232 km. The park celebrated its centenary with much fanfare in 2005.

Today Kaziranga shelters the world’s highest population of the one-horned rhino, with a count of 1,855 (2006 census).

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Name Distance Duration
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Best Seasons
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Season Min. Temp. Max. Temp.
Summer 25 °C 32 °C
Winter 10 °C 25 °C
Climate is typically tropical. Varies from very hot and humid in summer (April to June) and cold nights and warm days in winter (from November to January). Kaziranga gets flooded by the water of Brahmaputra almost every year, during monsoon. The rainy season prevails from June to August. During rain, Kaziranga becomes inaccessible. Best time to visit Kaziranga is in September - October or February/March.

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