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Sualkuchi is renowned all over the world for its centuries old tradition of master weavers who create magic through their unique hand woven Pat, Eri and Muga silk fabric.
Sualkuchi lies in the Kamrup district of Assam, on the north bank of the Brahmaputra river, 30 km from Guwahati. The tradition of weaving in Sualkuchi is ancient. In the 11th century, King Dharam Pal of the Pala dynasty developed the weaving village of Sualkuchi when he established 26 weavers of Tantikuchi in Sualkuchi. Since then the weavers here have been creating silk master-pieces that stand apart in quality and patterns.
Sualkuchi is one of the largest silk weaving villages in the world - almost every household is involved in weaving exquisite silk fabrics. Sualkuchi is famous for its variety of Golden Munga, White Pat and Eri silks. Muga (meaning yellowish in Assamese) is produced from cocoons of 'Antheraea Assamensis' available only in Assam, while Pat or Endi is used in the manufacture of warm clothes. The golden Colour of Muga is unique; there are very few comparable fabrics in the world which have a similar natural rich shade of gold. Designs using traditional colours like red, green and black provide a dramatic contrast to the golden hue of Muga.
Muga is unique to this region. Sarees and other fabrics are woven using Muga in beautiful designs on traditional handlooms. There are about 17,000 Silk looms presently working in Sualkuchi to produce the two main products Mekhla-Chador and the Gamosa, woven on muga silk and cotton respectively. Mekhla-Chador is a two piece garment worn by Assamese ladies while Gamosa holds a special place in Assamese culture. It is used in religious ceremonies, to welcome guests or even as a waistcloth (tongali) or a loincloth (suriya) by farmers. The patterns of the beautiful designs on the borders of their clothes are symbolic of the different tribes and ethnic groups of the area.
Sidheshwar Devalaya
Situated on Sidheshwar hill, this ancient temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva. It was reconstructed by Ahom ruler Shiba Singha as a sun temple. A four armed statue of Lord Vishnu with Laxmi and Saraswati can be seen here. It is interesting to see idols of Vishnu and Shiva being worshipped in the same temple premises. Maha Shivaratri is celebrated with much zeal.
Ganesh Bigrah
Lying in Ghatia hills, this ancient temple was built by King Ratna Pal in the 11th century. The chief deity here is Ganesha and can be seen in the form of a stone idol. A 10 inch long copper Krishna, a Shivalingam and idols of Har-Gauri can also be seen. A further interesting sight is an ancient document written in Devanagari language on a copper plate which confirms that Pal dynasty rulers gave 3000 ‘bighas’ land to Brahmins in return of their services.
Sualkuchi has a predominance of Vaishnavism. There are around 45 monasteries and namghars here. Hatisatra is one of the larger monasteries in Sualkuchi. Murals on the walls depict scenes from the tales of the Mahabharata, Ramayana and Gita. A saint, Kanu Bora Thakur from Nalanga established this monastery. After his death, the monastery has been managed by a ‘satradhikar’. It is divided into various parts like the kirtonghar, the bhog-ghar, the monikut, a guesthouse and residences for monks. An ancient document or ‘Kirton’ written on the bark of Sanchi tree is kept here; it consists of 54 pages and 74 pictures. Holi sees a rush of devotees to this monastery.
A beautiful blend of Hindu, Islam and Buddhist cultures comes together here; it is a sacred site with a temple and a mosque. Hayagriva Madhava Temple: An image of Lord Vishnu resembling that of Jagannath in Puri, Orissa is displayed here. It is also revered as a Buddhist site by Lamas. Once destroyed by Kalapahar, this temple was rebuilt by Koch King Raghudev in 1543 AD. A smaller temple built by Pramatta Singh lies close to the main temple. It is also famous for a giant turtle which inhabits the pond near the stairway. Powwa Mecca: Meaning ¼ Mecca, this place is said to contain earth brought especially from the holy shrine of Mecca. It was built by Mir Lutufullah-i-Shiraji in 1657 AD, during the reign of Mughal Emperor Shahjahan. Saint Gayasuddin Auliya’s tomb can also be seen in front of this mosque. ry.
Traditional silk sarees with magnificent designs can be bought in Pat, Munga or Eri varieties.
Magh Bihu on Makar Sankranti day is celebrated with great joy and so is Bohag Bihu in spring.
Nearby places Train stations Airports
Rangiya Junction
Nearby major cities
Name Distance Duration
21 Km 00H 42m
Madan Kamdev in Kamrup district of Assam is an important archaeological site strewn with hauntingly beautiful sculptural fragments in ruin in the backdrop of teak and sal forests in an enchanting ambience.
Home to some of the rarest species of fauna, and focus of major conservation efforts, Manas National Park, a UNESCO World Natural Heritage destination is an ode to the beauty of nature. Spreading from the valley of the Manas river into higher mountains of Bhutan and down to the Kamrup district of Assam, it’s a naturalists delight to visit such pristine forests with abundant wildlife.
21 Km 00H 42m
Located on the banks of Brahmaputra river near Guwahati (24km), lies the historic town Hajo. The town is considered to be the unification point of three major religions - Hinduism, Islam and Buddhism and is an important pilgrimage site for the followers of the three religions.
30 Km 00H 58m
The largest city in the North-east India is located on the banks of the mighty Bramhaputra river. In addition to being the gateway to the north-east, Guwahati is famous for its ancient temples.
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Best Seasons
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Season Min. Temp. Max. Temp.
Summer 24 °C 36 °C
Winter 10 °C 24 °C
Sualkuchi experiences an annual rainfall of 180 cm from May to September. The summer temperatures range from 22 to 36�C, and in winters the mercury varies from 10 to 25�C. Sualkuchi is best visited between the months of October and April.

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