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Dwarka

Dwarka is one of the most revered Hindu pilgrimage destinations in India. It is located at the western tip of Gujarat’s peninsula and is believed to have been established by Lord Krishna as his capital in ancient times.

Situated on the banks of river Gomti which runs into the Gulf of Kutch, Dwarka is renowned for mythological references.
The city inherits the name from the Sanskrit language “dvar” signifying door or gate “ka” (Brahma).
Dwarka, is combination of one of the Saptapuris (Ayodhya, Mathura, Haridwar, Varanasi, Kanchipuram, Ujjain and Dwarka) and one of the 4 Maths/Mutts (Badrinath, Puri, Rameswaran, Dwarks)founded by Adi Shankaracharya.
Dwarka abounds with Mythological tales:
Birth of Dwarka:
When Krishna killed his maternal uncle Kansa, a self- proclaimed King of Mathura city, Kansa’s father-in-law Jarasandha the mighty king of Magadh was enraged at the widowhood of his daughters.  In order to take revenge for Kansa’s death, Jarasandha raised a great army and attacked Mathura 17 times. The citizen of Mathura repulsed the attacks bravely every time but grew wary of the constant warlike situation and misery of war and requested Krishna to leave Mathura. To save his Yadav people from the wrath of Jarasandha, Krishna moved to Dwarka and established a new kingdom. At a later time Jarasandha was killed by Bheema (of Pandava brothers).

Demise of Krishna and Destruction of Dwarka:
After the historic Kurukshetra war between the Pandavas and Kauravas, a weary Krishna returned to Dwarka to find  the Yadav dynasty on the throes of anarchy.  Failing to revive the spirit of Sat Dharma ( the true religion) Krishna retreated to the forest leaving the city to its fate. Later in the forest he was accidentally shot to death with an arrow by a hunter.
It is believed after the demise  of Krishna and the following destruction of the Yadav dynasty a massive flood swallowed Dwarka and submerged the city to the bottom of the ocean.
Archaeological excavations established that Dwarka was built and destructed six times and the present one is the seventh incarnation. There are evidences that suggest that the city used to be a busy port as far back as the 15th century BC. The city was one of the most well planned and finest cities in ancient times. During ancient times, it was a seaport from where goods were carried to the Mediterranean world by merchants. The city was also the gateway to western India. 
During ancient times several important personalities from the pages of history , visited Dwarka like Adi Shankaracharya, Ramanuja, the great mystic Narsingh Mehta, Mira – the devout princess from Chitor, the greatests saints Kabir and Nanak to name few.

The ancient city basks in the glory of  its close association with Lord Krishna who reigned for decades as a leader of a growing Yadav clan and continues to draw millions of pilgrims every year

Dwarkadheesh Temple/ Jagat Mandir
The Dwarkadeessh or Lord of Dwarka temple was supposedly constructed over 1400 years ago. Built out of limestone and sand, with a 55m high spire, it has impressive ornate carvings and is an architectural marvel. The temple’s sanctum is the Jagat Mandir. Standing on 60 pillars, the temple has five storeys and is profusely carved from pinnacle to the base. The construction of the temple is so solid, that this temple stood firm even during the 2004 Tsunami. The temple has two doors: the ‘Swarga Dwara’ or ‘Door to Heaven’ and the ‘Moksha Dwara’ or ‘Door to Salvation’. Devotees generally enter via the main Moksha Dwar. Traditionally, they are required to bathe in the river Gomti, which flows behind the temple, before entering. Then they enter via the Swarg Dwar entrance reached by climbing the sacred ‘chhappan sidi’ or ‘56 steps’, indicative of the 52 Yadava administrative divisions. The temple contains a large deity of Pradyumna and Aniruddha, the son and grandson of Lord Krishna respectively. The shrine across from Lord Dwarkadhish is that of Lord Krishna’s mother Devaki.
The Sharada Peetha
Established by Guru Shankaracharya, this is one of the four ‘mathas’ or ‘monastries’ that has survived even to this day. Currently the Matha runs an educational society, an arts college and academy of Sanskrit.
Bait Dwarka
Situated in the Gulf of Kutch, the Bait Dwarka Island also known as Bet Shankhodda, is only 5 km by sea from Okha Junction (30 km by road from Dwarka). It is said to be the place where Lord Krishna lived with his family when he ruled at Dwarka. It is also the place where Vishnu slew the demon Shankhasura. The east end of the island has an excellent beach with extensive water plants and animals. The beach is not much visited, therefore an excellent place to get away from the bustle of the city life.
Gomti Ghat
This is the place where the Gomti river meets the ocean. Early morning or late evening would be the appropriate time to visit the Ghat, which is right behind Dwarkadheesh Temple, as the place is relatively crowded with pilgrims during the day. The Samudra Narayan temple houses an image of Goddess Gomti, which is believed to have been brought from heaven by sage Vashistha.
Nageshwar Jyotirling
Situated on the route between Gomati Dwarka and Bait Dwarka Island on the coast of Saurashtra in Gujarat, Nageshwar Temple or Nagnath Temple is about 16km from Dwarka. It has large linga or shrine of Lord Shiva, symbolizing protection from all poisons. It is generally believed that those who pray to Nageshwar Linga become free of poison.
Rukmini Devi Temple
Located 1.5km north of Dwarka, Rukimini Devi Temple, is dedicated to Rukmini, the most important wife of Lord Krishna. An architectural wonder, this 12th century temple is adorned with beautiful paintings and intricately carved walls depicting her time spent with Lord Krishna. According to legend, one day, sage Durwasa Muni, who was easily angered, was invited by Lord Krishna and his wife, Rukmini, to dinner. When a person is invited to dinner, etiquette dictates that the host should not eat until the guest has been satisfied. On the way to dinner, Rukmini became thirsty and asked Krishna for help. Krishna then put his foot in the ground and the Ganges waters flowed forth from the earth while Durvasa was not looking. As Rukmini was drinking the water, however, Durvasa turned and saw her drinking without his permission. He became angry and cursed her to live apart from Lord Krishna. That is why Krishna's temple is in the town and hers is located outside the town.
Janmashtami (birthday of Lord Krishna), celebrated in the month of August/September, is a major festival of Dwarka.
Navratri celebrated in September/October, and other festivals celebrated during the year recall special events in the Lord's life.
Nearby places Train stations Airports
GOVARDHANPUR 1320 Km 21H 37m
NULL 106 Km 01H 48m
Dwarka 2 Km 00H 02m
Nearby major cities
Name Distance Duration
103 Km 01H 46m
103 Km 01H 46m
456 Km 07H 29m
Ahmedabad is the largest city in the state of Gujarat. The bustling metropolis is a fusion of old world charm and emerging modernity. It has a rich history of Muslim heritage.
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Weather
Season Min. Temp. Max. Temp.
Summer 23 °C 44 °C
Winter 10 °C 36 °C
The climate of Dwarka is hot and moist. Best period to visit Dwarka is between November and February, it is winter season. Weather is cool and pleasant in winter. In Summer (April-June) temprature can reach 42.0°c . Good Rainfall in monsoon (July-September) gives relief to Dwarka from hot summer.
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