What's on your mind?

Great Rann of Kutch

Made up of a huge white expanse of salt offering a breathtaking landscape, the Great Rann of Kutch is an important destination for wildlife lovers and serious birdwatchers.

The Rann of Kutch has been described as "a desolate area of unrelieved, sun-baked saline clay desert, shimmering with the images of a perpetual mirage". 

The Great Rann of Kutch with an area covering 7,850 sqkm is located at the northern part of the Kutch region and spreads from the Rajasthan-Gujarat Border, along the Indo-Pakistan border region to Lakhpat in the west, near the Kori Creek.

The word “Rann” in Hindi language means salt marsh. During the monsoon large areas of Rann are submerged by up to 2 metres of saline water from the Gulf of Kachch and the salt-flats dry out during the dry season leaving massive amounts of salt, which make this a prime region for salt production.

In winter this vast expanse of mud and salt also provides shelter to thousands of pink Flamingos, Pelican and Avocet. The abundant avifauna includes rare Houbara bustard, lesser florican and Dalmatian pelicans. Shimmering with the images of a perpetual mirage, the dustiest and hottest region in India, The Great Rann of Kutch stretching for hundreds of square km in the State of Gujarat, also provides refuge for the endangered Asiatic wild ass and is home to several tribal groups. 

For better accessibility of this vibrant yet fragile eco system, The Great Rann of Kutch could be divided into four divisions, (i) Nadeshwari (Abode of Goddess in the middle of Rann) , (ii) Dholavira (Archeological site of world fame) , (iii) Khavda (Gateway to India’s some of the most unexplored regions) (iv) Lakhpat (Erstwhile seaport). 

One of the best bird-watching hotspots, the Great Rann provides great and varied habitat types that include deserts and wetlands, vast grasslands and swamps, providing a huge variety and abundance of birdlife. This flat landscape desert in the dry season turns into a vast moonscape like area of dried earth and thorn scrub attracting doves, bulbuls, coucals and silverbills for a chorus of delicate birdsong playing over the arid plains. Groups of Grey Francolins are heard among the grasslands at dusk.

The Phenomena of Chir Batti:
Cheer batti (Ghost light) is a unexplained strange dancing light phenomena occurring on dark nights reported from the Banni grasslands,
Local villagers and border security force personnel call these Chir Batti in their language Chir meaning ghost and Batti is light.
The balls of light appear bright and change color to blue or red resembling a moving ball of fire. The lights have been a common part of life in the Banni grasslands and the adjoining Rann of Kutch for a long time, but have not yet been explained.
Kutch is endowed with a rich tribal culture of music, colourful clothes and jewellery. Tribes of this region include the Rabaris, Kolis and Bharwads. Many nomadic tribes like the Jat and the Halaris also come to Kutch.
Ahirs are supposed to be the descendants of the Yadav clan of Lord Krishna who dispersed after his demise.
Rabari’s are nomadic and carry all their belonging on the back of camels and move from one village to another. The Rabari came from Afghanistan, through Baluchistan. Rabari females are experts in embroidery work.

Naliya,Chari Dhand ,Banni Grasslands
Naliya Grasslands An important grassland habitat home for the endangered Great Indian Bustard and significant as the only sanctuary with three species of bustards– The resident Great Indian Bustard, The Lesser Florican, Macqueen’s Bustard in winter Chari Dhand Dhands are shallow water bodies have rich biodiversity that support an envious migratory home of avian species Endangered Dalmatian Pelican ,Oriental Darter ,Blacknecked Stork ,Indian Skimmer. More than 30 types of Raptors has also been recorded. Banni Grasslands Covering more than 3000 sq km of which a major portion of highly saline is lies in a important bird migration path. Recognised as a paradise for raptors and Endangered species White-backed and Long-billed Vulture.
Lakhpat boasts a unique landscape, with very little remains of the village, was a port town earlier. The town is strategically located on the India-Pakistan border.The name has a significance as during ancient times this one time prosperous maritime trade generated a daily income of one Lakh (1,00,000) Kori, and old currency of Kutch state. After a short prosperity, Lakhpat lost is maritime significance in 1851 AD, with the Sindhu river changing its course. The place is fortified with several gates and bastions made of stone.
Towards the south of Bhuj, one of the finest beaches in Gujarat, Mandvi, could be explored and experienced with its ancient royal connection of the Maharao of Kutch. The place brought immense prosperity to the royal family as this was an important sea trade. The sailors were considered very daring and adventurous, it is believed that Vasco Da Gama, for his navigation, hired one of the sailors from this town. It would be a good option to visit the Maharao’s private beach with white sands and a great sea views .
A massive archeological site belonging to the Harapan Civilisation, one of the world’s first greatest civilization, Dholavira holds great historical significance for the international archaeological fraternity. It dates back to 2900 BC and is memorable for its wonder planning and exceptional engineering.
Inheriting the name from one of Lord Shiva’s name “Kotilingeshwar”, Koteshwar, is the cave temple known for the natural formation of many stone lingas. The mythological belief is such that, King Ravana’s urge for being immortal he did tapasya of lord shiva. Shiva heavily satisfied with his penance granted him one boon in the form of a Linga which on being worshipped Ravana could be immortal. But in arrogance he dropped the Ling which while touching the ground turned into thousand Lings. Failing to recognize the original Ling, he lost the boon.
Kala Dungar
Overlooking the spectacular Rann of Kutch, Kala Dungar having an area spread of 956 hectares, is home to the Duttatreya temple where white foxes could be seen in ample. This place has spiritual significance due to Guru Dattatreya, also locally called as “Pachchhmani Pir”. Since time immemorial these foxes respond to the call of steel plate beats and shouts and come to eat the food of rice laid specially for them. Kala Dungar is about 120km from Bhuj via state highway 45. Located at a height of 1,500 ft this is the perfect place to get a bird’s eye view of the endless expanse of the Great Rann of Kutch with beautiful ever changing shades of white to the lightest of pink and grey and then white could be seen. To get a proper view of the foxes it would be advisable to see the aarti, a ritual performed in homes and temples in which incense and light is offered to a deity (Hindi), at 12 noon as after sunset the foxes are not clearly visible.
Kutch is popular for its embroidery, appliqué work, bed sheets and cushion covers.  You may shop for Patola Silk Sarees, Bandhanis (tie and die), Ghagra-cholis and marriage costumes. You will also find interesting wall hangings, embroidered quilts, cradle clothes, cloth toys, and embroidered footwear.
It can be quite interesting to learn more about the process of each.
Bhuj is considered to be an access to the Rann of Kutch and the Rann Utsav which is also known as the desert festival is held every year in February/March.
Nearby places Train stations Airports
Rudra Mata
Viramgam Junction
Nearby major cities
Name Distance Duration
28 Km 01H 42m
75 Km 03H 38m
125 Km
134 Km 04H 12m
167 Km 08H 30m
175 Km 05H 32m
198 Km
Probably the largest wild life sanctuary in India with an area of approx 4950 km2, Little Rann of Kutch is one of the most remarkable and unique landscape of its kind in the entire world and renowned for the Asiatic Wild Ass Sanctuary.
28 Km 01H 42m
75 Km 03H 38m
Bhuj, the capital of the former native state of Kutch is now the head quarter of the Kutch district. It is a fascinating old walled city with labyrinthine alleyways, old palaces with intricately carved wooden pavilions, and striking, brightly decorated Hindu temples.
125 Km
Overlooking the spectacular Rann of Kutch, Kala Dungar having an area spread of 956 hectares, is home to the Duttatreya temple where white foxes could be seen in ample. This place has spiritual significance due to Guru Dattatreya, also locally called as “Pachchhmani Pir”. Since time immemorial these foxes respond to the call of steel plate beats and shouts and come to eat the food of rice laid specially for them. Kala Dungar is about 120km from Bhuj via state highway 45. Located at a heig
134 Km 04H 12m
On the banks of Rukmani river lies a small town of Mandvi in Gujarat. It was once considered the summer retreat of the erstwhile Maharajas of Kutch. Mandvi has some of the loveliest unspoilt beaches in the western part of India and is also well known for its unique tradition of hand crafted ship building.
167 Km 08H 30m
175 Km 05H 32m
198 Km
Dholavira is the archaeological excavation site of an ancient city . It is amongst the five largest Harrapan ruins of Indus civilization discovered in the Indian subcontinent. The site was occupied from 2650 BCE, till about 2100 BCE. Dholavira is a Tentative UNESCO world heritage site.
482 Km 13H 36m
Ahmedabad is the largest city in the state of Gujarat. The bustling metropolis is a fusion of old world charm and emerging modernity. It has a rich history of Muslim heritage.
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Best Seasons
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Season Min. Temp. Max. Temp.
Summer 23 °C 44 °C
Winter 10 °C 36 °C
Average summer temperatures hover around 44°C but can reach highs of 50°C, and the minimum winter temperatures approach or even drop below freezing. The July to September monsoon rains flood the vast, flat area to a depth of about 0.5 m. Several rivers-the Bhambhan, Kankavati, Godhra, and Umai from the south, the Rupen and Saraswati from the east, and Banas from the northeast-drain into the Ranns during the monsoon.

Write to us


Seasons Flavour

Commanding magnificent view of the surrounding Himalayan peaks of Nanda Devi, Trishul, Ketu and Kamet , on the edge of the Nanada Devi national park, Auli is fast emerging as an important ski resort in India.

Nestled amidst the wooded slopes, surrounded by green meadows in the Kinnaur District of Himachal Pradesh, lies Baspa Valley also known as Sangla valley.

Binsar is a beautiful hill destination inside a forest reserve and bird sanctuary with magnificent 360 degree view of Kumaon Himalayan peaks.

Far from the maddening crowds is Caukori, an isolated small village in the Kumaon mountains offering panoramic view of snow capped Himalayan peaks painted with magical sunrise and sunsets .

Madikeri - a picturesque hill station of misty mornings and dotted with coffee and exotic spice plantations, lies in the Western Ghats of south-western Karnataka. It is the headquarter of the famous Kodagu or Coorg district of Karntaka state. Flavoured with the aroma of fresh coffee, cardamom, black pepper and Coorg honey, Madikeri offers an enchanting experience.

Dalhousie is one of the most picturesque hill stations, located in the Chamba Valley between the Dhauladhar and Pir Panjal ranges of the Himalayas. Named after a British Governor General, it retains a mix of natural beauty and colonial charm.

Darjeeling, the “Queen of the hills” embodies the romantic nostalgia of “The Raj” or the era of British rule in India. Darjeeling, famous for its lush tea gardens, is blessed with a stunning view of Mount Kanchenjunga, the world's third highest peak.

Dharamsala has an aura about it. The town has lived up to its name, which means “The pilgrims’ rest house”; it is today the sacred seat of the Dalai Lama and his exiled government of Tibet. The backdrop of the Himalayas and the old world charm of the town adds to the magnetic attraction of the unique experience that is Dharamsala.

One of the most scenic hill stations of India. Gulmarg offers excellent powder run skiing opportunities of international standards.

The beautiful hill town of Kausani is a picturesque hill station famous for its scenic splendour and its spectacular 300 km wide panoramic view of the Himalayas.

Lachen 110 km from Gangtok, Lachen is a scenic Himalayan village of migrant Buddhist Bhutia yak herders called Lachenpas. The hospitable Lachenpas greet or bid visitors farewell with the traditional 'khada' scarf. Blankets made from sheep wool or chuktuk, carved woodwork, furniture, signs, symbols and blankets are the handicrafts of Lachen. Chuktuk is the local term used for sheep wool blankets. Since a sizeable population in the area rear sheep and yak, the wool from these animals is used for r

On the banks of the Beas river, surrounded by the majestic Pir Panjal, Parvati, and Bara Bhangal mountain ranges, lies Manali - one of the most popular hill resorts in India. Manali is also the gateway to the exotic Lahaul and Spiti valleys.

Mukteshwar is a quaint and peaceful hill town in Kumaon - Uttarakhand surrounded by thick coniferous forest; it offers 180 degree panoramic views of the mighty Himalayan peaks Neelkanth, Trishul, Nandaghunti, Nanda Devi, Panchchuli. Famous hunter Jim Corbett mentioned Mukteshwar in his 1944 AD classic book ‘The Man Eaters Of Kumaon’.

Stunning green hills of rolling tea plantations surround breathtaking Munnar. The town provides a completely relaxing and therapeutic experience for jaded city dwellers - misty mornings, sweet scented air, whispering breezes and a chance to walk in the clouds.

Mussoorie is a popular hill station in the Garhwal Himalayas. Due to its panoramic views and its proximity to Delhi, Mussoorie has been a favourite weekend destination for visitors from the nearby plains since the time of the Raj.

The beautiful small township of Pelling lies 115 km from the state capital Gangtok. Known for its grand views of Kanchenjunga, the world’s third highest mountain, which rises to 9390m. Pelling is perched at an altitude of 2400m, and is a traveller’s delight due to its strategic location in the eastern Himalayas.

A long time ago Kumaoni queen Padmini was smitten with the scenic vista of this hill town leading to her king Sukhdev naming the area queen’s meadow or Ranikhet. Ranikhet still retains the unspoilt charm and sylvan surrounding that provides panoramic views to the Himalayan peaks.

A beautiful hill city tucked in the lap of Himalayas, Shimla retains much of its old world charm and nostalgic influence of the British Raj when it was the designated “summer capital” of India.

Srinagar, the exotic summer capital of Kashmir is an enigma shrouded in a veil of mystery, a fusion of beauty, culture and history that mesmerises, enthrals and still sows a seed of doubt in the mind of the departing traveller that a single visit is not enough to touch its heart.

Max Size