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Patan

An ancient fortified town, Patan, is situated about 130 km from Ahmedabad. It is home to many Hindu and Jain temples, mosques as well as the richly sculptured Rani ki Vav or Queen’s step well. It is also well known for its world famous Patola sarees. Patan has been nominated as a Tentative UNESCO World Heritage site.

Patan, was founded in 746 AD on the banks of the river Saraswati and was the capital of Gujarat till 1411. During the 8th – 11th century, it gained in prominence and was ruled by a series of dynasties: the Chavdas, the Solankis, and finally the Vaghelas.
The rulers of Patan were great patrons of art and architecture. Naturally, during their rule, the city was a center of learning. The city was attacked, due to religious and economic reasons, and now lies in ruins. Today, even though much of its original charm has been lost, visitors continue to marvel at the splendor that once was.
Travelers also come to Patan to see the numerous temples and mosques, especially the 122 Jain temples, many of which are over 100 years old, and are characterized by striking architecture and elaborate carvings.  In addition there are 9 Hindu temples and 12 mosques, all heavily carved and intricately designed.
History of ‘Patola Cloth’:
The 12th-century Solanki ruler Kumarpal had deep respect for Jain traditions. He was very scrupulous about his attire and always wore new patola clothes while going to temples. The “patolu” worn by King Kumarpal used to be specially imported from South India. One day, the temple priest barred Kumarpal from entering the temple, saying that his clothes were “impure.” An inquiry into this led to the finding that the King of Jalna was exporting the fabrics after first using them as bedspreads. Deeply offended, Kumarpal fought and defeated the ruler of Jalna, and brought 700 Salvi craftsmen to Patan, so that he could be assured of procuring unsullied fabrics.

Unusual marriage customs of Unjha
The town of Unjha is 28 km from Patan. The town is known for the unusual marriage customs of the Kadwakanbis, who live here. A wedding ceremony is arranged every 11 years for every unmarried girl of the village. If no husband is found, a proxy wedding is announced and the bride is considered a widow until a suitable match is found.

Rani Ki Vav
An architectural marvel in Patan, Rani Ki Vav is the oldest and the finest step–wells in India. Built during the period of the Solanki rulers during the 11th – 12th century, it is a richly sculptured monument 30m wide and is a major tourist spot in Patan. Carved side walls, pillars, beams and a series of steps and platforms lead to elaborately carved water well. The stepped corridor that descends into the well with pillared multi-storeyed pavilions at regular intervals is a unique feature of this monument. The walls are heavily carved with sculptures of Hindu deities and Jain gurus.There is a small gateway just below the last step of the well opening into a 30 km tunnel which leads to the nearby town of Siddhpur. This was used as an escape route by the king during war. The Rani Ki Vav also housed halls dedicated for the royal families to rest in the summer season. The water from the well decreased the heat and made the breeze cool and acted as a natural air conditioner. It was believed that the well water possessed medicinal value due to the presence of Ayurvedic plants, which imparted curative powers to the waters.
Unjha
The town of Unjha is 28 km from Patan. The town is known for the unusual marriage customs of the Kadwakanbis, who live here. A wedding ceremony is arranged every 11 years for every unmarried girl of the village. If no husband is found, a proxy wedding is announced and the bride is considered a widow until a suitable match is found.
The Sahastralinga Talav
The Sahastralinga Talav or ‘Tank of a thousand Shiva shrines’ This ancient man-made tank on the banks of the river Saraswati is believed to have been built during the Chalukkyan rule. This pentagonal tank spread over an area of 17 hectares, served the dual purpose of being both a water reservoir as well as sacred place. It is said to have one thousand shrines or ‘lingas’ of Lord Shiva around its edges.
Patan is famous for Patola sarees, one of the finest hand-made textiles in the world. One can also see this exquisite fabric being woven here.
Nearby places Train stations Airports
AHMEDABAD 128 Km 02H 18m
Ahmedabad Junction 126 Km 02H 20m
Patan 2 Km 00H 05m
Nearby major cities
Name Distance Duration
74 Km 01H 17m
74 Km 01H 17m
Modhera is known for an ancient 11th century sun temple on the banks of Pushpawati river. Its brilliant architectural design enables the first rays of sun to fall on the diety of Sun God during solar equinoxes. Modhera Dance Festival : 21-23 January 2011
125 Km 02H 17m
Ahmedabad is the largest city in the state of Gujarat. The bustling metropolis is a fusion of old world charm and emerging modernity. It has a rich history of Muslim heritage.
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Weather
Season Min. Temp. Max. Temp.
Summer 27 °C 42 °C
Winter 12 °C 28 °C
Maximum temperature during summer hovers around 35°C while the minimum temperature during winter dips down to around 10°C.
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