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Velavadar Black Buck Sanctuary

The picturesque Velvadar grasslands, spread over an area of approx. 36 sq.km with the majestic Indian antelope Blackbucks jumping over the levels of grass enthrals the wildlife lovers.

In the Bhal region of Saurashtra, Blackbuck National Park at Velavadar is around 72 km from Bhavnagar in Gujarat state.  During the reign of the kings of Bhavnagar the royals used to hunt the blackbucks with their pet cheetahs. The Government declared it as Blackbuck National Park in 1976, the park is a must visit destination for the wildlife enthusiast and photographers. A unique feature of the park is its tropical grassland. Driving through the savannah seems like a trip through the African wilds with similar landscapes of grasslands populated with herds of antelope.
South of the park is surrounded with Gulf of Khambhat and by barren land and agriculture fields on the other side. 
Velavadar National Park is a 36 km patch of golden savannah grassland set between two rivers a few miles from the Gulf of Khambhat sea coast. The beauty of the park lies in its  vast grassland and the free movement of elegant blackbuck antelopes. . 
Apart from the blackbuck;Indian grey wolf and striped hyena are the other attractions. They are prime predators in this landscape. Wolves prey on the blackbucks and the hyenas are scavengers stealing kills from the wolves. Considered to be one of the very few places in the world where the population of the wolf is flourishing .   Jungle Cat, the most frequently observed feline here has healthy population.

Blackbucks
Blackbucks, found only in India used to be quite common in many areas of north and south India. However, in recent times their number has drastically reduced due to destruction of habitat and indiscriminate hunting leading to the danger of them being completely wiped out.
The blackbucks about 2000 in number are the principal attraction of the park.  With lithe soft body, Blackbucks are one of the most  beautiful and fastest animal capable of reaching a top speed of 80KM  and can jump nearly 3 MTRS high. The males are majestic black and white belly with a white ring around the eyes and spiral horns measuring upto 70 cm long.  The females are light brown and usually without the horn. Seen normally in herds of 15 to 20 with one dominant male.
The male blackbuck marks a territory, and guards an area day and night. They wait for a female to walk into their territory and then attempts to court her in a bid to mate. The entire process of courtship is enticing to watch.  The male in order to attract the female, marks its territory and the courtship begins with a  vertical leap upto two meters in height, which gets repeated 500 times in a single day.   They have to protect the territory borders from other mature male rivals. They can sometimes be displaced by a stronger male once they get old or weak. 
Wolves
The wolves has been much persecuted worldwide leading to  extinction in many countries. In India too, killing cubs when they are still suckling and poisoning has led to near extinction to a surviving population of only 2,500 in the whole country. In a bid to save them, Indian government has given protected status to the wolves. It lives in small pack in scrub forests or rocky hills. Due to continuous habitat destruction and prey base reduction, wolves stray into the human habitat in search of food and get killed frequently.
Wolves parents are partners for life and stay together: The male wolf hunts while the female takes care of the babies.
Avi Fauna:
Velavadar boasts of one of the largest harrier roost in the world consisting of mostly Montague harrier and pallid harriers.

With an extensive birdlife consisting of Sandgrouse, larks and many others  this park is a bird watchers favourite too. In winter the park becomes home for many species of migratory birds . Main attraction of Velvadar
During rainy season, the lesser florican migrate and settle here to breed in the vast expanse of the grassland, it is a rare sight to see.  During monsoon season Sarus cranes regularly breed in the park. 
Velavadar National Park, a unique grassland ecosystem, is highly successful in conserving the endangered Blackbuck, the Wolf and Less Florican (a bustard) among others.

Alang
Located on the coast between Bhavnagar and Talaja, Alang is known to be the largest ship breaking place where the container ships, warships, and tankers are reduced to scrap by 20,000 workers toiling day and night. Along the shipyard is an amazing collection of junk shops selling things taken out of the ships. Large ships from America, Europe, Asia are brought here to be scrapped.
Gopnath
During the reign of Maharaja Krishna Kumar Singhji, this place was used as a summer resort with a picturesque location surrounded with beaches, seacoast, lime stone cliffs presenting a breathtaking view.
Vallabhpur
Vallabhipur is an ancient town situated in the Bhavnagar District, Gujarat. Known as a centre of Jain learnings, this was the capital of Maurya Dynasty. Vallabhipur is located at a distance of 40 km north west of Bhavnagar.
Bhavnagar
A coastal city located on the eastern coast of Saurashtra region; Bhavnagar is rich in tradition, trade and culture. In 1743 it was a major port and had close dealing with countries like Africa, Mozambique, Zanzibar and Persia. Gandhi Smriti, Takhteshwar temple, Bartin Library and Museum, Sri Ghogha teerth, Mahuva Teerth, Palitana and Sihor are worth seeing . Exploring the colourful bazaar would be a good option.
Nearby places Train stations Airports
BHAVNAGAR CIVIL AIRPORT 54 Km 01H 15m
Bhavnagar Terminus 49 Km 01H 04m
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Season Min. Temp. Max. Temp.
Summer 23 °C 41 °C
Winter 12 °C 31 °C
Velavadar has a pleasant climate. Summer and winter months are not harsh.
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