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Little Ran Wild Ass Sanctuary

Probably the largest wild life sanctuary in India with an area of approx 4950 km2, Little Rann of Kutch is one of the most remarkable and unique landscape of its kind in the entire world and renowned for the Asiatic Wild Ass Sanctuary.
The Little Rann is a flat limitless expanse of dry, cracking mud, with clumps of bushes. The enormous sense of open space one experiences here is surreally mind boggling.
Little Rann of Kutch is famous for its resident handsome chestnut brown Asiatic wild ass hordes that trample around in the arid landscape. Don’t confuse them with the domesticated beasts of burden leaving a sorry life at our behest. These are rather large muscular animals running gracefully at a shy distance over the flatlands of Rann.
Accessible via Dasada village, the Rann of Kutch is located in the Thar Desert province in the northwestern parts of Gujarat state and the Sind province in Pakistan. 
Established in 1972 when the wild asses were in danger of extinction. Conservation efforts led to a remarkable recovery.with an area spanning around 4,950 sq. km. The Little Rann of Kutch is a wildlife sanctuary which protects the Asiatic wild ass.s age site.
 According to a survey there is only around 2,800 Asiatic wild asses left who largely depend on the few grassy islands nourished by the monsoon rains. An estimated 60 percentage of the salt is manufactured here.
Amongst the other Biosphere reserves such as Sunderbans in West Bengal, Nilgiris spread over three states in Tamil Ndau, Karnataka and Kerela, Gulf of Mannar in Tamil Nadu, The Little Rann of Kutch and Greater Rann of Kutch have been granted the status of Biosphere Reserve.  Biosphere reserves are protected under Wildlife Protection Act, India Forest Act and Forest.  The region is unique as it not only has a wild ass sanctuary, but also a place where over one hundred thousand flamingos breed every year.   It would be a memorable experience to go wading knee-deep into the warm waters of a salt marsh with thousands of flamingos’ around.Life is tough in the Rann with very limited option to eke out a living. Little and great Rann is India’s largest salt pan . The local tribes also depend on this land for their livelihood on salt during the dry season  and on fish during the wet seasons.  While on a visit to the Rann it is advisable to visit the tribes and understand their life and difficulties.
The Indian Wild Ass Sanctuary
This sanctuary established in the beginning of 1972, came under the Wildlife Protection Act of 1973. Asiatic Wild Ass is found only in the Little Rann of Kutch. The Indian Wild Ass is one of the sturdiest animals withstanding a temperature of 48 degree C without any shelter in the midst of the desert facing long periods of drought, where survival is difficult in such extreme weather conditions. . Generally seen in herd of 10-30 in search of sweet water and grass, this wild ass possesses the qualities of a horse. They can run at a speed of 60-70km/hr with a height of 120cm, length 210 and weight approx 240 kg. The black brown shiny hairy strip in the centre enhances the beauty. It has the strength and speed of a horse. Known for its stamina and surprising speed it can run for two hours and can put up a good fight for its mare. During monsoon, the Rann gets inundated for a period of about one month. The sanctuary is also the home for gazelle, blue bull, wolf, and Indian foxes, jackal, jungle cat, hare and birds from the houbara bustard, spotted & Indian sandgrouse, francolin partridge, bustard quails, desert wheatear, desert , larks, steppe eagle, imperial eagle, short toed eagle, 5 of vulture, laggar falcon etc to flamingoes, pelicans, ducks,cranes and storks . The Bets, salt free higher grounds, have a growth of grass which keeps more than 2,100 of these animals happy. Pung-bet, Vacha-bet and Jhilandan bet are the best-known bets. Kala-lana is the area with less of salt content. Located at a strategic location near the Gulf of Kutch and also being the bird migration route, this sanctuary is an important feeding, breeding and roosting habitat for a the migratory birds. It is estimated to have around 70,000 to 75,000 birds nests in the entire area. The Little Rann of Kutch has great potential to support fisheries. During monsoon the Gulf of Kutch tidal water mixes with freshwater discharge from rivers and makes the place an important nursery ground for prawn cultivation. The western side supports a flourishing Prawn Fishing. The water starts receding into the sea immediately after monsoon is over. By October and November the entire area starts getting dried up and the “Agariya” families play a major role in making of salt from October to April; they remain in the Little Rann of Kutch. The State Government plays a major role as a contributor of salt of about 70-80% of the salt produced in the country.
The 11th century sandstone of Jhinjwada, historic walled town of Mandal, Rajput at Patdi, it has intricate temples around Munsar tank at Viramand. Darbargadh of Dasada can be visited on the way from to the Rann of Kutch.
Nearby places Train stations Airports
Rudra Mata 158 Km 03H 03m
KANDLA 111 Km 02H 15m
Wankaner Junction 157 Km 02H 58m
Nearby major cities
Name Distance Duration
193 Km 03H 40m
199 Km 04H 35m
206 Km 03H 49m
216 Km 04H 27m
267 Km 04H 54m
Made up of a huge white expanse of salt offering a breathtaking landscape, the Great Rann of Kutch is an important destination for wildlife lovers and serious birdwatchers.
Probably the largest wild life sanctuary in India with an area of approx 4950 km2, Little Rann of Kutch is one of the most remarkable and unique landscape of its kind in the entire world and renowned for the Asiatic Wild Ass Sanctuary.
193 Km 03H 40m
Overlooking the spectacular Rann of Kutch, Kala Dungar having an area spread of 956 hectares, is home to the Duttatreya temple where white foxes could be seen in ample. This place has spiritual significance due to Guru Dattatreya, also locally called as “Pachchhmani Pir”. Since time immemorial these foxes respond to the call of steel plate beats and shouts and come to eat the food of rice laid specially for them. Kala Dungar is about 120km from Bhuj via state highway 45. Located at a heig
199 Km 04H 35m
206 Km 03H 49m
On the banks of Rukmani river lies a small town of Mandvi in Gujarat. It was once considered the summer retreat of the erstwhile Maharajas of Kutch. Mandvi has some of the loveliest unspoilt beaches in the western part of India and is also well known for its unique tradition of hand crafted ship building.
216 Km 04H 27m
267 Km 04H 54m
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Best Seasons
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Season Min. Temp. Max. Temp.
Summer 25 °C 45 °C
Winter 3 °C 25 °C
Rann is a place of extreme climate. Average summer temperatures hover around 44°C but can reach a high of 50°C. The minimum winter temperature drops to below freezing point.

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Seasons Flavour

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