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Great Himalayan National Park

The Great Himalayan National Park is a fascinating destination. Situated in the Kullu district of Himachal Pradesh, the pristine nature here is speckled with snow capped Himalayan peaks, glaciers, alpine meadows and coniferous forests that attract trekkers, bird watchers and nature lovers from across the globe.

The Great Himalayan National park is pure trekking country, spread over an area of 1,171km2 that lies at an altitude of 1500 - 6000m. The spectacular beauty of the park unravels through time spent in exploration on foot through a multitude of trails available in the gorgeous wilderness. Most of the areas of the park have remained unexplored, because of the sheer difficulty of the terrain, which lends the place a unique thrill and rawness that few other parks in the country can offer.

Home to some of the finest eco systems in the world, there are numerous habitats to explore. Spectacular views from high altitudes, pristine rivers and brooks, lush forests of oak, conifer, gentle alpine meadows, swift flowing rivers, high elevation glaciers, jungle trails and its wildlife make the park a photographers paradise.

With a bit of luck, there could be opportunities to observe endangered species of the Western Himalayas in their natural habitat. The most strikingly coloured Monal pheasants and Western Tragopan are found here. The Himalayan red fox, civet, Ghoral, Bharal (blue sheep), Giant Indian Flying Squirrel, brown and black bear and the most elusive of them all the snow leopard call the park their home.

Causal hikers and serious trekkers alike can find a wide range of trails from relatively easy day walks, to challenging 1 week or longer treks through arduous and spectacular terrain.

The park lies in the Seraj Forest Division, in the Kullu District of Himachal Pradesh, about 60km southwest of Kullu, nestled between mountain ridges ranging from 1500m - 5805m. The eastern part of the Park is permanently covered with snow and ice.

The Tirthan sanctuary, Rupi Bhaba and Pin Valley National Park were merged to form the Great Himalayan National Park in 1989. The complete park is run according to strict eco-tourism policies.

Ecozone:
The Ecozone areas are adjacent to the Park and provide a combination of natural and cultural experiences. The trails go through villages and are generally easy to moderate.
The majority of the buildings in the Ecozone are made in traditional style using wood, stone, and mud. This is one of the few places left in the region where the majority of buildings are made in the traditional manner.

Attractions In and Around:
Apart from its diverse flora and fauna, the Great Himalayan National Park also is dotted with three important pilgrimage sites that are located in the vicinity of the park: Raktisar, Hanskund and Sirikhand Mahadev.
Raktisar is the place where River Sainj originates; Hanskund is the origin point of the river Tirthan, and Sirikhand Mahadev, a lake on the southern border of the park.

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Weather
Season Min. Temp. Max. Temp.
Summer 5 °C 30 °C
Winter -5 °C 12 °C
The climate of the Park isdivided in four distinct seasons viz., Winter (December-March), Spring (April-June), Summer (July-September) and Autumn (October-November) with snow fall occurring throughout the Park in winter. Most of the eastern part of the Park is under snow throughout the year.
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Commanding magnificent view of the surrounding Himalayan peaks of Nanda Devi, Trishul, Ketu and Kamet , on the edge of the Nanada Devi national park, Auli is fast emerging as an important ski resort in India.

Nestled amidst the wooded slopes, surrounded by green meadows in the Kinnaur District of Himachal Pradesh, lies Baspa Valley also known as Sangla valley.

Binsar is a beautiful hill destination inside a forest reserve and bird sanctuary with magnificent 360 degree view of Kumaon Himalayan peaks.

Far from the maddening crowds is Caukori, an isolated small village in the Kumaon mountains offering panoramic view of snow capped Himalayan peaks painted with magical sunrise and sunsets .

Madikeri - a picturesque hill station of misty mornings and dotted with coffee and exotic spice plantations, lies in the Western Ghats of south-western Karnataka. It is the headquarter of the famous Kodagu or Coorg district of Karntaka state. Flavoured with the aroma of fresh coffee, cardamom, black pepper and Coorg honey, Madikeri offers an enchanting experience.

Dalhousie is one of the most picturesque hill stations, located in the Chamba Valley between the Dhauladhar and Pir Panjal ranges of the Himalayas. Named after a British Governor General, it retains a mix of natural beauty and colonial charm.

Darjeeling, the “Queen of the hills” embodies the romantic nostalgia of “The Raj” or the era of British rule in India. Darjeeling, famous for its lush tea gardens, is blessed with a stunning view of Mount Kanchenjunga, the world's third highest peak.

Dharamsala has an aura about it. The town has lived up to its name, which means “The pilgrims’ rest house”; it is today the sacred seat of the Dalai Lama and his exiled government of Tibet. The backdrop of the Himalayas and the old world charm of the town adds to the magnetic attraction of the unique experience that is Dharamsala.

One of the most scenic hill stations of India. Gulmarg offers excellent powder run skiing opportunities of international standards.

The beautiful hill town of Kausani is a picturesque hill station famous for its scenic splendour and its spectacular 300 km wide panoramic view of the Himalayas.

Lachen 110 km from Gangtok, Lachen is a scenic Himalayan village of migrant Buddhist Bhutia yak herders called Lachenpas. The hospitable Lachenpas greet or bid visitors farewell with the traditional 'khada' scarf. Blankets made from sheep wool or chuktuk, carved woodwork, furniture, signs, symbols and blankets are the handicrafts of Lachen. Chuktuk is the local term used for sheep wool blankets. Since a sizeable population in the area rear sheep and yak, the wool from these animals is used for r

On the banks of the Beas river, surrounded by the majestic Pir Panjal, Parvati, and Bara Bhangal mountain ranges, lies Manali - one of the most popular hill resorts in India. Manali is also the gateway to the exotic Lahaul and Spiti valleys.

Mukteshwar is a quaint and peaceful hill town in Kumaon - Uttarakhand surrounded by thick coniferous forest; it offers 180 degree panoramic views of the mighty Himalayan peaks Neelkanth, Trishul, Nandaghunti, Nanda Devi, Panchchuli. Famous hunter Jim Corbett mentioned Mukteshwar in his 1944 AD classic book ‘The Man Eaters Of Kumaon’.

Stunning green hills of rolling tea plantations surround breathtaking Munnar. The town provides a completely relaxing and therapeutic experience for jaded city dwellers - misty mornings, sweet scented air, whispering breezes and a chance to walk in the clouds.

Mussoorie is a popular hill station in the Garhwal Himalayas. Due to its panoramic views and its proximity to Delhi, Mussoorie has been a favourite weekend destination for visitors from the nearby plains since the time of the Raj.

The beautiful small township of Pelling lies 115 km from the state capital Gangtok. Known for its grand views of Kanchenjunga, the world’s third highest mountain, which rises to 9390m. Pelling is perched at an altitude of 2400m, and is a traveller’s delight due to its strategic location in the eastern Himalayas.

A long time ago Kumaoni queen Padmini was smitten with the scenic vista of this hill town leading to her king Sukhdev naming the area queen’s meadow or Ranikhet. Ranikhet still retains the unspoilt charm and sylvan surrounding that provides panoramic views to the Himalayan peaks.

A beautiful hill city tucked in the lap of Himalayas, Shimla retains much of its old world charm and nostalgic influence of the British Raj when it was the designated “summer capital” of India.

Srinagar, the exotic summer capital of Kashmir is an enigma shrouded in a veil of mystery, a fusion of beauty, culture and history that mesmerises, enthrals and still sows a seed of doubt in the mind of the departing traveller that a single visit is not enough to touch its heart.

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