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Badami

Badami is famous for the wonderfully elegant and majestic rock cut cave temples dating back to 6th and 8th centuries, Badami fort and other structural temples depicting renowned classical Dravidian architecture.
Situated on the mouth of a narrow valley between two rocky hills that surrounds the Agastya lake, Badami presents an exceptional blend of natural and historical beauty. Badami, also known as Vatapi, dates back to540 A.D. and was found by Pulakesi I, one of the early rulers of the Chalukyas. The natural fortress of the rocks must have influenced Pulakesi I to establish the seat of his empire in Badami aka Vatapi  .
His sons Kirthivarman and Mangalesha I constructed the cave temples. These temples were sculpted somewhere between the 6th and 8th centuries and present an harmonious blend of Hindu, Buddhism and Jain religious beliefs and religious tolerance of the rulers during that era. 
A famous legend associated with the two hills in Badami says, that these hills are two wicked demon brothers named Vatapi and Ilvala, who tricked poor friars and killed them. The trick was quite unusual. Vatapi used to turn into a goat and and Ivala used to cook and feed him to the unsuspecting traveler and before the poor fellow could digest him Ivala used to call Vatapis name and Vatapi would come riiping out of the.Their story continued till a famous saint, Agastya Muni visited the place and killed Vatapi by digesting him before Ivala could call out. Aparently sages had extremely strong digesting power. The two hills in Badami represent the demons Ilvalan and Vatapi.
The  wonderfully elegant and majestic rock cut cave templesat Badami provide an incomparable evidence of architectural and archaeological importance that can trace the styles of early South Indian architecture.
 There are four caves, of which three have Hindu and  the last is  Jain influenced with figures of Parshwanatha, Bahubali and Mahavira.Also there is a fifth natural Buddhist cave where you have to crawl on knees to enter.
Badami is also becoming famous amongst climbers for its large sandstone cliffs and boulders. All types of climbing including sport climbing and bouldering is possible here.
Cave Temples
The first cave temple, made or red sandstone are interconnected with a flight of stairs. The first cave temple that can be dated back to the 5 th Century enshrines a Shivalingam, carvings of Ardhanareeswara and the renowned 18 armed Natraja, the cosmic dance of Lord Shiva. The temple is the oldest in Badami and has a huge hall with many beautifully crafted pillars that lead to the sanctum of the temple. The second cave temple is dedicated to Lord Vishnu and depicts his Varaaha, Trivikrama and Krishna Avatar ( reincarnation of god Vishnu ). This temple is accessible by climbing 64 stairs from the first cave and also displays several carvings that depict the legendary story of churning of the ocean to get Amirt( nectar of immortality). The walls are also carved with beautiful scenes from Lord Krishna's childhood. The 3rd cave temple situated in a nearly 100 ft deep cave, can be reached by climbing 60 steps from the second temple. It depicts Vishnu sitting on a huge serpent and other avatars of Vishnu that include Narasimha, Harihara and Trivikrama. The fourth temple depicts the carvings of Tirthankara Parshavnatha and Mahavira. This temple is dedicated to Jainism and can be dated back to the 6th century. The Bhutanatha temple faces the Lake Agasthya and is dedicated to lord Shiva. This small shrine is known to have been built in 5th century.
Badami Fort
The fort situated on the top of a hill, was built by Pulakesan II, a devotee of Lord Vishnu. The fort is marked by a lower and upper Shivalaya, with sculpted tales from mythology on its outer walls. The other significant features include a 16th century cannon and a watchtower, is believed to be constructed in the 14th century.
Archaeological Museum
The archaeological museum of Badami is characterised by Nandi, Lord Shiva's bull, at its entrance. It also showcases some excellent pieces of excavated sculptures, which includes the remarkable Lajja-Gauri images.
Nearby places Train stations Airports
HINDUSTAN AIRPORT 465 Km 07H 27m
SAMBRE 158 Km 03H 05m
Bijapur 125 Km 01H 55m
Hubli Junction 130 Km 02H 14m
Solapur Junction
Nearby major cities
Name Distance Duration
456 Km 07H 07m
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Weather
Season Min. Temp. Max. Temp.
Summer 22 °C 40 °C
Winter 10 °C 30 °C
Summers are uncomfortable with temperatures touching 42C. Monsoon follows in Jul-Sep. Ideal time to visit is during Oct - Feb period.
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