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Bhimbetka Rock Shelters

UNESCO World Heritage Site and rock art - archaeological treasure trove. Bhimbhetka cave shelters cradle the earliest traces of human life in India.

On the road to Hoshangabad approx 45 km south east of Bhopal, Bhimbetka Caves set in the Vindhyan range with 700 rock shelters of which 400 being paintings are spread over 10 km in length and about 3 km in width. 
Bihmbetka was put on the World Heritage List of UNESCO in 2003.
Travelling towards Hoshangabad from Bhopal, on your right you may notice intriguing rock formations on small hills. The caves are in an isolated peaceful location, concealed in the midst of teak and sal forests; far from human habitation .The seclusion enhances the experience of a visitor and Ethnology enthusiast.
The caves were discovered by Archaeologist Mr. V.S.Wakankar in 1957 and over the years its popularity is increasing with an increasing number of discerning travelers visiting the archaeological wonderland.
So far around 760 rock shelters of Neolithic age were discovered and only 12 caves are accessible to the tourist.    The paintings presents a close resemblance towards the indigenous rock paintings of Australia, cave paintings of Lascaux in France, Bushmen cave paintings of the Kalahari Desert. 
The  vibrant and colourful paintings dating back to 12000 BC showcases the daily life scenes of hunting, marriage, dancing as well as natural environment around them are awe inspiring. The walls have hundreds of images, often superimposed upon one another, indicating a canvas that has been continually reused over the ages.
The colors of the painting was probably prepared by combining manganese, hematite, soft red stone and wooden coal, even animal fat and plant leaves were used in the mixture. The paintings have miraculously stayed unharmed by nature due to the reaction between the chemicals present in rocks and the color.
It is also believed that Bhima, the second of the five Pandava princes in Mahabharata, had taken shelter and dwelt hence the place is also known as Bhima’s Lounge – (Bhim. – Betka).
Visiting Bhimbetka is one of its kind experiences which is bound to make us wonder as we look back in time at a crossroad of human civilization.

The Caves
Considered to be the most famous rock art destination in India and one of the earliest in the world. It is fascinating to observe and go back to the bygone era when the aborigines of pre-historic times used to dwell in these caves. The caves depict the paintings from Palaeolithic to Medieval era showing the progression of human race with the passage of time. The paintings are a mirror showing evolution of humanity through time. The style of the paintings of separate periods is so different that one can easily differentiate between them. The paintings of Paleolithic age are huge linear figures of animals like tigers, bears and rhinoceroses. As the time passed, the paintings became smaller, shapely and more precise. The most interesting finding for the visitors is the Auditorium Rock Shelter, Zoo Rock and Boar Rock in Bhimbetka Cluster. It is a virtual pre-historic panorama of India, filled with hunting and battle scenes and all kinds of animals such as deer, buffalos, rhinoceros, bears, tigers along with daily routine activities.
Nearby places Train stations Airports
BHOPAL 56 Km 01H 05m
Bhopal Junction 46 Km 00H 51m
Nearby major cities
Name Distance Duration
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Best Seasons
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Season Min. Temp. Max. Temp.
Summer 25 °C 42 °C
Winter 8 °C 25 °C
Hot and dry Summers (42°C) and pleasant Winters (8°C). The best time to vist is October - March.

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Seasons Flavour

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