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Panna National Park and Ken Gharial Sanctuary

Panna National Park and Ken River Sanctuary are situated in the Vindhyan hill range and spreads across the districts of Panna and Chhatarpur in the northern part of Madhya Pradesh. Panna National Park, a tiger reserve under the aegis of Project Tiger is a landscape of open savannah woodlands bordered by the Ken River - home of the endangered Gharial (fish eating crocodiles).

The undulating open savannah grass and woodlands of the park change their colours throughout the year, which creates a rich tapestry of natural beauty. Driving through the park in an open top jeep is an exhilarating experience in itself.

Panna, the gem house of Madhya Pradesh, attracts attention from all over the world for its diamond mines and national park. Panna National Park is spread over 542 sq/km is the erstwhile hunting reserve of the Panna, Chattarpur and Bijawar states; it was accorded sanctuary status in 1975 and upgraded to a National Park in 1981. In 1994, it became the 22nd Tiger Reserve of India.

One of India's smaller reserves, Panna  is known for its rich wild life that includes tiger, leopard and other feline species. Dhole wild dog, hyena and caracal. Wild boar, Sloth Bear, Cheetal, Sambar, Chowsinga, Indian Fox, Porcupine, and a host of lesser fauna. The Ken River, which flows on the border of the reserve from north to south and merges in the Panna Hill catchment area, provides a life line to the park's wildlife.

The forest here is dry with scattered grasslands. Teak, sal and bamboo trees grow and flourish in this climate. The local bird life includes king vultures, white necked storks, bar-headed goose, paradise flycatchers.

The Ken Gharial Sanctuary is located at the confluence of the rivers Ken and Khudar right outside the Park. The Gharial, is a critically endangered breed of reptiles. They are characterised by an elongated, narrow snout and are proficient in catching fishes using a side-to-side snapping motion. The Gharials are not man-eaters and are sensitive towards humans.

45 km of river length with sandy banks form the Ken River sanctuary. The long snouted Ghariyal found here growns up to about 6 m length and feeds on river fish. The Indian crocodile or ‘Maggar’ can also be seen here. The Ghariyal habitat in this sanctuary occupies an area of 13.5 sq/km. This sanctuary is a part of the Ghariyal Conservation Association. Ghariyals are bred in captivity and released to create a complete ecosystem here. There are around 40 Ghariyals here today.

The Ken river is also an Anglers Paradise and many anglers make a beeline for a chance to catch the famed ‘Mahaseer’.

Panna is also a land of Water Falls - Panna lies in the hills of Vindhya range and, after the monsoon season, the deep ravines wake up to the sound of the cascading waterfalls. The Raneh and Pandav Falls are a great attractions during the winter months when the water flow is best.

The town of Panna is famous for its Majhganwa diamond mine. The mine here is run under the auspices of the National Mineral Development Corporation. The city also has more than 300 temples.

Pandav Falls
Situated in the dense forest of the national park, these falls are said to have sheltered the Pandavas during their exile. Ajaigarh Fort: Once a capital of the Chandelas, Ajaigarh Fort lies at a height of 688 m. Temples with fine sculptures are present inside this fort.
Raneh Falls
A natural waterfall in Ken River, the falls comprise of fascinating multicoloured granite rock formations forming a deep gorge that extends to 5 km in length and is about 30 m deep.
Rock Paintings
Rock Paintings and Relics of over ten thousand year of Gondwana Period are evident in the reserv
Temples
Mahamati Prannath Temple: This temple was founded in 1700 AD and is the most important seat for the followers of Krishna Pranami sect. Pranami was the Guru of the King Chhatrasal of Panna. Padmavati Temple: This old temple is located in the town; the Goddess Padmavati is the principal deity worshipped by the locals. Other temples include Baldeoji Temple which is based on British style of architecture, Ram-Janki Temple, Sarang Temple, Baiji Temple and Swamiji Temple.
Nearby places Train stations Airports
KHAJURAHO 150 Km 02H 30m
JABALPUR 188 Km 02H 56m
Jabalpur Junction 190 Km 02H 51m
Nearby major cities
Name Distance Duration
130 Km 02H 08m
130 Km 02H 08m
188 Km 02H 50m
Seasons
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Best Seasons
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Weather
Season Min. Temp. Max. Temp.
Summer 25 °C 45 °C
Winter 8 °C 30 °C
Summers(March - May ) are very hot with maximum temperature shooting to 45�C. Winters (December to February ) are cool but pleasant.
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