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Jaipur

Holding the grand legacy of a royal past, Jaipur is an integral part of the world famous Golden Triangle alongside Delhi and Agra. The famous Pink City of Rajasthan is a vibrant collage of grand palaces, desert culture and a rich history of Rajputana.

Dotted with palaces and forts, Jaipur is a living testimony of history. The sovereign of Amber, Sawai Jai Singh II laid the foundation of the city of Jaipur in 1727 AD. He belonged to the Kachhwaha clan of Rajputs and ruled from 1699-1744 AD. He built this city under the expert �shilpa-shatra� advice of his chief architect Vidyadhar Bhattacharya. The city was planned to combat the problems of water shortage and growing population at his Amber kingdom.

Almost three centuries ago, Jaipur became the country's first modern city. Its reputation is still intact today. When one enters this city, one cannot help being overwhelmed by the old-world, atmosphere which still prevales. The stunning backdrop of ancient forts Nahargarh, Amer, Jagarh and Moti Dungri add a dramatic touch to the cityscape. 

The intricately carved monuments are equally matched by the colourful attire and vibrant culture of the desert people. The fanfare, gaiety and celebration of the local festivals add to the exotic flavour.

The Kachhwaha Rajputs were Kshatriyas or the warrior caste of Hindus tracing back their lineage to Sun God through Kush, the son of Lord Rama. Sawai Jai Singh Ji was a great visionary with good knowledge of science. This is clearly visible in the planning of Jaipur city and the architectural genius of the Jantar-Mantar - the largest stone observatory in the world. He also understood that for his kingdom to flourish, he has to maintain good relations with the Mughal rulers in Delhi.

The city was planned in nine blocks. Two blocks were acquired by city palaces and state buildings. The remaining seven were dedicated to the local public. The City Palace created the centre of the city planning. Security was insured by huge walls and seven strong gates.

In 1853, the city was painted pink for the first time to welcome the hen reigning Prince of Wales � it subsequently earned the sobriquet of Pink City.

Jaipur is the gateway to Rajasthan. Most tours of Rajasthan start in Jaipur, and the Rajasthan experience unleashed in Jaipur awes the first timers. One of the greatest aspects of Rajasthan in general and Jaipur in particular, is the people and their hospitality. The people are traditional, religious, warm and very hospitable. They receive all travellers with a warm welcome. 

Jaipur is one of the best examples of the Royal Heritage of India. It�s like a treasure trove casting a spell on visitors with all possible grandeur and mysticism. The entire city gives glimpses of the bygone era of revolutionary Rajputana. The architecture, cuisine, attire, folk music and dance all make up for a cultural extravaganza.

A walk around the city is a most enriching experience as the entire city is an architectural gem unfolding in traditionally built houses and structures all around it. Jaipur city has forts and palaces which are a blend of Islamic and Hindu temple style of construction.

Jaipur is also known for its tradition of polo. Important international polo tournaments are hosted here. The last Maharaja of Jaipur, Sawai Man Singh II breathed his last breath while playing polo in England during the Ascot week tournaments in June 1970.

The modern Jaipur is one of the fastest growing cities of India with shop lined streets bustling with cars, rickshaws, bicycles. Despite having grown into a busy metropolis, the beats of the ancient heart of the Pink City can still be felt in its fairy-tale palaces, beautifully laid out gardens, gorgeous heritage hotels, massive fortresses and spectacular monuments.

Amber Fort
Originally built by the Meena tribe who were the early rulers of Amber, this fort was dedicated to the Hindu Goddess Amba. Later another palace was built over the ruins of the original one. This palace was started by Raja Man Singh in 1592 AD. The descendents of Raja Man Singh kept on adding to the fort until the capital shifted to the modern city of Jaipur. Constructed of white and red sandstone, Amber fort has four sections. The entrance gate is the 'Suraj pol' or the Sun Gate. It is inspired by Mughal and Rajput style of architecture. The fort lies close to the banks of Maotha lake. Although its structure is rustic and rough from the outside, the inside of the fort is adorned with murals and frescoes which are a delight to discover. The intricate wall carvings and mirror work captivates the visitor. The Sheesh Mahal or Mirror Palace is a small dark room with mirrors all over the ceiling; an attendant lights up candles and holds them for you to create a marvellous night sky with sparkling stars. Visitors can ride up to the fort from the base of the hill On elephants.
Jaigarh Fort
It is located high up the hill beyond Amber Fort This fort is connected to Amber Fort down below through long passages. Jaigarh houses the world's largest cannon on wheels: the Jaivana. This fort was an artillery production centre and is said to have a water tank for hiding the royal jewels. It has a collection of decorated cannons which were used in Mughal wartimes as Amber rulers were allies to Mughals. It offers great views of the surrounding Aravali hills.
City Palace
This was the seat of the Maharaja of Jaipur. Located in the heart of the city, it is an elaborate structure with many gardens, courtyards and buildings. The architects involved in building this palace were Vidyadhar Bhattacharya and Sir Samuel Swinton Jacob. It was constructed between 1729-1732 AD. The main entrance gates are the Virendra Pol, Udai Pol and Tripolia Pol. General public can enter through the first two pols, while royals can enter through Tripolia Pol. Mubarak Mahal: Located within the City Palace courtyards, the Mubarak Mahal presents a unique blend of the Mughal, European and Rajput style of architecture and was built in the 19th century by Maharaja Madho Singh II. Earlier a reception centre, it houses a museum of Royal costumes like robes, sarees and shawls today. Chandra Mahal: This seven storied magnificient building is also part of the main City Palace structure and is home to the present Maharaja of Jaipur, Bhavani Singh. The two lower floors house the Sawai Man Singh II museum. It has a collection of arms, costumes, carpets, miniature paintings and royal paraphernalia. Sukh Niwas is used as a drawing and dining room of the Maharaja and is well decorated with silverware, European artefacts and miniature paintings. The third floor, Shobha Niwas has mirrored walls with gold leaf and mica decoration. Lit up at night this room offers a splendid view of thousands of glittering images. Chhavi Nivas on the fifth floor has white and blue painted walls. The sixth floor has stucco floor with a mirror work ceiling. The uppermost floor is the Mukut Mahal. The Queen's Palace displays Rajputana weapons which include guns, swords, daggers and pistols. There is an art gallery in Diwan-I-Aam or the hall of public audience. Here miniature paintings from various schools, very small copies Bhagvad Gita and elephant saddles are displayed. Diwan-I-Khas has two huge silver vessels used to carry water of the holy Ganges for Sawai Madho Singh II whenever he travelled to England.
Hawa Mahal
A five story palace, Hawa Mahal was built in 1799 AD by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh. Designed in the form of Lord Krishna's crown by Lal Chand Usta it was made of pink and red sandstone. Its purpose was to allow the women folk from the palace to observe the processions, festivals and daily activities in the market place. Maraja Pratap Singh's devotion for Lord Krishna inspired him to make this palace like Krishna's crown. It is connected to the 'zenana' of the city palace. The palace has 953 windows or 'jharokhas' with intricate lattice work and is 15 meters in height.
Nahargarh Fort
On the north of the Jaipur city Nahargarh Fort sits majestically on the hill top above the city. It was built by Sawai Jai Singh II in 1734 AD and then extended in 1868 AD. The word Nahar Garh means 'the abode of tigers', but according to a legend it is named after Prince Nahar. His spirit roamed here and interrupted the construction of the fort. Also called the Hunting Fort of the Kings, it has 9 well decorated identical apartments for the queens. Along with Jaigarh and Amber, this fort provided ample defence to the city.
Jantar Mantar
The Jantar Mantar is an architectural structure which serves as an astronomical observatory. Built by Maharaja Jai Singh II from 1727-1734 AD, this place was used to make astronomical calculations. It consists of 14 huge devices for measuring time of the day, predicting eclipses and judging the movement of the stars and its effect on the earth. The biggest structure is Samrat Yantra which is believed to be world's largest sundial standing 27m tall. Built of stone and marble, this place has many structures like Ram Yantra, Jai Prakash, Niyati Chakra to calculate the movement of sun, moon and planets.
Jal Mahal (The Lake Palace)
This palace is located in the middle of the Man Sagar lake. This palace was built by Madho Singh I in the middle of the 18th century. Known for its mesmerising location and eye catching architecture, this palace is built of red sandstone. When water is abundant, its four floors remain submerged in water only the top floor is exposed.
Ram Bagh Palace
This palace was converted into the residence of the Royal Family in early 1920s. It is a beautiful structure which also boast a Lily pool. It today houses the private residence of the Maharani or 'queen' of Jaipur.
Temples:
Birla Mandir: Built of white marble in 1988, this temple is located at the base of the Moti Doongri hill. There are stain glass windows depicting Hindu mythology scenes. The idols of Ganesha, Vishnu and Lakshi are exquisite. The temple also has a museum displaying the ancestral possessions of the Birla family. Govind Dev Ji Temple: Located in the City Palace complex, this temple has an idol of Lord Krishna which was bought from Vrindavan. Raja Sawai Jai Singh brought the idol here in the 17th century. Galtaji: I t is an ancient Hindu temple complex. Located 10 km from Jaipur, it has numerous temples in it. It also has natural springs and holy tanks. Dedicated to Sun-God, this temple has beautifully carved pillars, roofs and painted walls. The view from the hills here is awe inspiring. Moti Doongri: The temple name means 'Hill of Pearls'. There is an ancient temple dedicated to Lord Ganesha here. Near this temple lies the beautiful Moti Doongri Palace built like a Scottish castle. It is still the private property of the royal family.
Gardens
Sisodia Rani Ka Bagh: This garden was built by Sawai Jai singh in 1728 AD for his queen from the Sisodia lineage of Udaipur. Based on Mughal architecture, this garden is has scenes from the life of Radha-Krishna. Well maintained lawns and fountains make up for a panoramic view. Kanak Vrindavan Valley: This ancient valley was named by Sawai Jai Singh as it resembled Vrindavan in the eyes of the king. It is believed that water from various rivers was carried from this valley to perform the Ashwamedh Yagya in the time of Lord Rama. This valley is a panoramic place with fountains and gardens against a hilly backdrop. Vidyadhar Garden: Dedicated to the architect of Jaipur City Vidyadhar Bhattacharya, it is a well-planned garden based on the principles of shilpa-shastra. There are frescoes dedicated to Lord Krishna in galleries and pavilions.
Albert Hall Museum
Sawai Ram Singhji developed the Ram Niwas garden which is a complex with pools, lawns and flower beds. Located here is the Albert Hall designed by Sir Swinton Jacob. It has a vast collection of objects like crystal, paintings, ivory items, stone sculptures and metal statuettes.
Gaitore Crematorium
Crematorium of the royal rulers of Jaipur, these have cenotaphs or Chattris of the Maharajas of Jaipur. It is an amalgamation of both Islamic tomb and Hindu temple style of architecture. Each chhatri is made to the liking of the Maharaja for whom it is built. Out of all, the one dedicated to Sawai Jai Singh is the most appealing made up of white marble. It is beautifully decorated with carvings.

Jaipur is a shopper�s paradise in the true sense. It has a vast variety of goods which include textiles, precious stones jewellery, camel leather products and blue pottery to name a few.

Camel leather products include purses, bags and shoes. The tie and dye fabric from Sanganer and Bagru prints are a regional speciality. Cotton quilts and rugs are traditionally crafted in geometrical and floral patterns.

Jaipur is a shopping hub for beautiful jewellery made up of precious and semi precious stones. There are exquisite ornaments made in Meenakari, Kundan and Silver as well.

Handicrafts include pots and utensils in blue glazed pottery, as well as carved wooden doors and windows. Marble figures, vases, bowls and lacquered brass items are further prime attractions.

Rich in cuisine due to the royal touch, Jaipur offers traditional Rajasthani food at its best. The regional specialities include Kachoris, Gatta curry, Ker-sangari vegetable, dal, bati, choorma, laal maas and ghewar to name a few.

Elephant Festival: Celebrated during Holi, this festival presents itself with beautifully decorated elephants. Travellers can mount these elephants to play Holi. Cultural programs are organised and elephants are judged for their beauty. It also has events like elephant polo and elephant dance.

Gangaur: The word Gangaur stands for Gan or  Lord Shiva and Gauri or Goddess Parvati. This festival is the most important festival for the womenfolk of Rajasthan. It is celebrated to worship the sacred union of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. Unmarried girls celebrate it to get a suitable groom, while married ones pray for the long life of their husbands. It starts the day after Holi and continues for 15 days.

The Jaipur Literature Festival is considered Asia�s leading literature event; it is a celebration of national and international writers and encompasses a range of activities including film, music and theatre.

Teej Festival: The festival of Teej is celebrated to mark the onset of rainy season. Women folk apply henna on their hands, dress in traditional costumes and pray for marital bliss to Goddess Parvati.

Kite Festival: Marking the skyline of Jaipur with hundreds of kites, this festival is celebrated with great zeal on 14th January each year on the Makar Sankranti Day. People gather on terraces to fly kites and enjoy glorious feasts.
Nearby places Train stations Airports
SANGANER AIRPORT 14 Km 00H 25m
Jaipur Junction 3 Km 00H 08m
Nearby major cities
Name Distance Duration
135 Km 01H 57m
153 Km 02H 18m
153 Km 02H 40m
166 Km 03H 45m
185 Km 03H 14m
234 Km 04H 06m
340 Km 05H 04m
135 Km 01H 57m
Ajmer is a popular pilgrimage centre for the Hindus as well as Muslims. Especially famous is the Dargah Sharif-Tomb of the Sufi Saint Khwaja Moinuddin Chisti, which is equally revered by the Hindus and Muslims.
153 Km 02H 18m
The mystical, charming and laidback desert town with 52 Ghats and 500 temples around the holy Pushkar Lake is a sacred place of worship for Hindus and a hub of culture and heritage evocative of Rajasthan. Pushkar is also famous for its annual Camel Fair organised in November.
153 Km 02H 40m
The Shekhawati region in Rajasthan is famous around the world for its magnificent Havelis (mansions) and outstanding murals painted on their walls, testifying the unique craftsmanship of Rajasthani artists. In a riot of colors and grandeur Shekhawati encapsulates the true spirit of this vibrant landscape its people and culture.
166 Km 03H 45m
Ranthambore is one of the best national parks in the world to see and photograph wild Bengal tigers, in their natural habitat. It offers an experience like no other visitors may have had before. Here wildlife and history lies perfectly entwined. Wild tigers roam the ruins of the imposing Ranthambhore fort. Here the tigers are not merely beautiful animals, they have names too – Chenghis, Bambooram, Jhumru, Machali - and have become icons of local folklore.
185 Km 03H 14m
The Park is recognised as one of the most important breeding and feed grounds for the birds in the world.This magnificent bird haven used to be a duck shooting preserve for Maharaja Suraj Mull of Bharatpur. He transformed the shallow depression formed by the confluence of River Gambhir and River Banganga into a reservoir by damming the rainwater in monsoons. In 1985 UNESCO listed it as World Heritage site and earlier in 1982 it was declared as National Park.
234 Km 04H 06m
350 years after being constructed, the most famous (and romantic) building in the world, described by Bengali poet and Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore as "a teardrop on the face of eternity", still remains unmatched with its whiteness, symmetry, majestic scale and exquisite detail. The Taj Mahal, Agra Fort and the ruins of the deserted Fatehput Sikri are all UNESCO World Heritage.
260 Km 03H 43m
India's capital Delhi is the hub of the country, a modern international metropolis. However the twin cities of Old and New Delhi represent two contrasting culture and aesthetics of Mughal and British sensibilities. Delhi is embedded with an astonishing array of forts, tombs, mosques and government buildings constructed over the past 1,000 years, three of those declared as UNESCO World Heritage Mounments, i.e. Qutub Minar, Humanyun's Tomb and Red Fort(Lal Quila).. For enthusiasts of architecture
329 Km 05H 04m
Amidst the majestic sand dunes of the Thar desert lies the endearing city of Bikaner. It is the third city of the captivating desert triangle, completed by Jaisalmer and Jodhpur. Supporting its description as the “camel country”, the city is distinguished for the best riding camels in the world and hence boasts of having one of the largest Camel Research and Breeding farms in the world.
340 Km 05H 04m
Strewn with forts and palaces that date back to the 15th century, Jodhpur was the capital of the princely state of Marwar where the Rathor clan ruled. On top of a hill, at the edge of the town, looms the Mehrangarh Fort, giving it a touch of medieval majesty. Jodhpur is also home to the Bishnoi Tribals, the fierce custodians of nature.
403 Km 05H 29m
Surrounded by the Aravali hills and regarded as one of the most attractive cities in India, Udaipur is a city of beautiful palaces and lakes that add immensely to the grandeur and romance of royal Rajputana.
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Season Min. Temp. Max. Temp.
Summer 25 °C 45 °C
Winter 4 °C 26 °C
Very hot in Summer with the mercury shooting up to 45°C at times. Starting from pre Winter months till the Summer arrives (October - March ) is the best time to visit.
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Commanding magnificent view of the surrounding Himalayan peaks of Nanda Devi, Trishul, Ketu and Kamet , on the edge of the Nanada Devi national park, Auli is fast emerging as an important ski resort in India.

Nestled amidst the wooded slopes, surrounded by green meadows in the Kinnaur District of Himachal Pradesh, lies Baspa Valley also known as Sangla valley.

Binsar is a beautiful hill destination inside a forest reserve and bird sanctuary with magnificent 360 degree view of Kumaon Himalayan peaks.

Far from the maddening crowds is Caukori, an isolated small village in the Kumaon mountains offering panoramic view of snow capped Himalayan peaks painted with magical sunrise and sunsets .

Madikeri - a picturesque hill station of misty mornings and dotted with coffee and exotic spice plantations, lies in the Western Ghats of south-western Karnataka. It is the headquarter of the famous Kodagu or Coorg district of Karntaka state. Flavoured with the aroma of fresh coffee, cardamom, black pepper and Coorg honey, Madikeri offers an enchanting experience.

Dalhousie is one of the most picturesque hill stations, located in the Chamba Valley between the Dhauladhar and Pir Panjal ranges of the Himalayas. Named after a British Governor General, it retains a mix of natural beauty and colonial charm.

Darjeeling, the “Queen of the hills” embodies the romantic nostalgia of “The Raj” or the era of British rule in India. Darjeeling, famous for its lush tea gardens, is blessed with a stunning view of Mount Kanchenjunga, the world's third highest peak.

Dharamsala has an aura about it. The town has lived up to its name, which means “The pilgrims’ rest house”; it is today the sacred seat of the Dalai Lama and his exiled government of Tibet. The backdrop of the Himalayas and the old world charm of the town adds to the magnetic attraction of the unique experience that is Dharamsala.

One of the most scenic hill stations of India. Gulmarg offers excellent powder run skiing opportunities of international standards.

The beautiful hill town of Kausani is a picturesque hill station famous for its scenic splendour and its spectacular 300 km wide panoramic view of the Himalayas.

Lachen 110 km from Gangtok, Lachen is a scenic Himalayan village of migrant Buddhist Bhutia yak herders called Lachenpas. The hospitable Lachenpas greet or bid visitors farewell with the traditional 'khada' scarf. Blankets made from sheep wool or chuktuk, carved woodwork, furniture, signs, symbols and blankets are the handicrafts of Lachen. Chuktuk is the local term used for sheep wool blankets. Since a sizeable population in the area rear sheep and yak, the wool from these animals is used for r

On the banks of the Beas river, surrounded by the majestic Pir Panjal, Parvati, and Bara Bhangal mountain ranges, lies Manali - one of the most popular hill resorts in India. Manali is also the gateway to the exotic Lahaul and Spiti valleys.

Mukteshwar is a quaint and peaceful hill town in Kumaon - Uttarakhand surrounded by thick coniferous forest; it offers 180 degree panoramic views of the mighty Himalayan peaks Neelkanth, Trishul, Nandaghunti, Nanda Devi, Panchchuli. Famous hunter Jim Corbett mentioned Mukteshwar in his 1944 AD classic book ‘The Man Eaters Of Kumaon’.

Stunning green hills of rolling tea plantations surround breathtaking Munnar. The town provides a completely relaxing and therapeutic experience for jaded city dwellers - misty mornings, sweet scented air, whispering breezes and a chance to walk in the clouds.

Mussoorie is a popular hill station in the Garhwal Himalayas. Due to its panoramic views and its proximity to Delhi, Mussoorie has been a favourite weekend destination for visitors from the nearby plains since the time of the Raj.

The beautiful small township of Pelling lies 115 km from the state capital Gangtok. Known for its grand views of Kanchenjunga, the world’s third highest mountain, which rises to 9390m. Pelling is perched at an altitude of 2400m, and is a traveller’s delight due to its strategic location in the eastern Himalayas.

A long time ago Kumaoni queen Padmini was smitten with the scenic vista of this hill town leading to her king Sukhdev naming the area queen’s meadow or Ranikhet. Ranikhet still retains the unspoilt charm and sylvan surrounding that provides panoramic views to the Himalayan peaks.

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Srinagar, the exotic summer capital of Kashmir is an enigma shrouded in a veil of mystery, a fusion of beauty, culture and history that mesmerises, enthrals and still sows a seed of doubt in the mind of the departing traveller that a single visit is not enough to touch its heart.

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