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Mount Abu

Mount Abu is a unique, lush, charming hill retreat located on the Aravali range in the southern desert of Rajasthan. The other attraction of this beautiful scenic place is the magnificent Dilwara Jain temple.

About 170 km (5hrs by road) from Udaipur, Mount Abu can be described as the Oasis of Rajasthan in the land of Thar desert. It's not a single mountain but a hilly plateau that rises 1.2km above the plains below. It is the only hill station in the state and is situated amidst the green and serene Aravali mountain range, speckled with rivers, lakes, waterfalls and green forest cover, providing respite from the harsh desert climate. The hill retreat owes its pleasant climate to its lush green covering that includes coniferous trees and flowering shrubs.

Mount Abu in ancient times was known by the name of Arbudaanchal. According to Hindu mythological beliefs, the youngest son of Himalaya with the help of a snake called Arbud saved lord Shiva's bull Nandi. The modern name of this small hill station is derived from Arbu. Even Puranas mention Mount Abu and associate it with the famous sage Vasistha, who retired to the southern part of this region.

The Aravali forests surrounding Mount Abu were declared s a Wildlife Sanctuary in 1960 and have a rich biodiversity.

Mount Abu is also an important Jain pilgrimage site for the marble temples located at Dilwara. The temples, the oldest of which dates from 1031, are famous for their detailed marble carvings. Built during the 11th and 13th centuries, these temples are masterpieces of art, architecture and are dedicated to Jain Tirthankaras.

Nakki lake is situated in the heart of this hill station, surrounded by lush green forest area and is a wonderful sight. The lake is bordered by several large rocks. The most prominent of them is a rock resembling a toad.

The other places to visit here include Sunset Point, Guru Shikhar, Achalgarh fort, Adhar Devi Temple, Shri Raghunathji Temple and Gaumukh.

Distinctive influence of Rajput and British influence is visible in the old gorgeous palaces built by Rajasthan royals and buildings that were used by British as their summer retreat attract people.  

Treks around Abu:

Mount Abu's beauty is hidden inside the many Nature Trails in the Jungles and around the mountains.  Trekking in the mountains around Abu provides a glimpse of the village people who still follow the traditional life of farming. The jungles are rich in birdlife.

Dilwara Jain Temples
Dilwara Jain Temples Major attractions at Mount Abu are the Jain temples; they are the fine example of superior craftsmanship prevailing during the era. Built between 11th and 13th century they are marble temples known for their extraordinary ornamental details of stone carving. The intricately carved ceilings and pillars are the distinguishing feature of these structures. The temple complex is devided into five sections dedicated to the five Jain Trithankaras. Shri AdiNath Temple or Vimal Vasahi Temple: This temple was built in 1031 AD by Vimal Shah and is devoted to Shri Adinath the first Jain Trithankar. It has an open courtyard surrounded by corridors decorated with marble carvings. The intricately carved dome of this temple depicts beautiful images of flowers and petals. Mahaveer Swami Temple: Constructed in 1582 this temple is devoted to Lord Mahaveer, the 24th Jain Tirthankara. It is smaller compared to the other four sections, but displays expert craftsmanship. ParshavNath Temple or Khartar Vasahi Temple: This temple was built by Mandika clan during 1458-59 AD. This structure is distinguished by the presence of four huge Mandapas. It is also the tallest shrine amongst the five sections and has beautifully carved pillars. Rishabdaoji Temple or Peethalhar Temple: This temple is more commonly known as Peethalhar Temple because most of the statues here are composed of Pital (Brass Metal). NemiNathJi Temple or Luna Vasahi Temple: Constructed in 1230 AD by two brothers Tejpal and Vastupal, this temple is dedicated to the 22nd Jain saint Nemi Nathji. The most striking feature of the temple is the hall Rag Mandapa which has three hundred and sixty tiny idols of Jain Trithankars. These intricately crafted marble idols denote the tremendous craftsmanship of the artisans. Amongst these tiny white marble statues, the idol of Nemi Nathji is made up of black marble.
Nakki Lake
This lake is situated in the heart of the city and has a famous tale associated with its origin. It is believed that this lake was dug by gods and goddesses using their nails or nakh. Oversized rocks surround the lake. The famous Raghunath Temple and Maharaja Jaipur Palace are also located on hills near Nakki Lake.
Sunset Point
The sight of sun setting behind the Aravali range from this point is a beautiful sight.
Achalagarh Fort
This medieval monument looks more beautiful due to the backdrop of hills and vegetation. It was constructed by Rana Kumbha of Mewar in the 14th Century. Situated nearly 8 Kilometers from the main town, this fort also holds several ancient Jain temples, Achaleswar Mahadev Temple built in 1412 and the Kantinath Temple constructed in 1513. The famous statue of Nandi here is believed to be composed of precious Panchdhatu metal and weighs nearly 4 tones.
Gurushikhar
It is the highest peak in the Aravali range and offers a magnificent view of the mountain range and Mount Abu. This peak is 1722m high from the sea level and is also the home of renowned Dattatreya Temple. Lord Dattatreya is believed to be the incarnation of the Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva.
Mount Abu Wildlife Sanctuary
The forest cover over the Aravali range was declared as the Mount Abu Wildlife Sanctuary in 1960. Since then it is a major attraction for wild life and nature lovers. It is home to several rare species of flora and fauna. The Mount Abu Wildlife Sanctuary is nearly 7 km long and engulfs mountains with varied heights including the Gurashikhar, which is the highest peak in the Aravali Range and several valleys, rivers and waterfalls.
Gaumukh Temple
Dedicated to sage Vashistha, Gomukh Temple is located just two km from Mount Abu and is a popular pilgrimage center. The presence of an ancient Agni Kunda where renowned sage Vashistha is supposed to have performed a great fire sacrifice, which further signifies the religious importance of this temple. The temple has an idol of Vasistha along with images of Lord Rama and Lord Krishna. Gaumukh Temple also has a natural spring which is believed to have medicinal and healing properties. This spring flows out through the mouth of a huge marble cow. It also explains the name of the temple, as Gaumukh literally means face of a cow.
Marble carvings and Rajasthani artefacts are available at shops near Nakki lake and can be purchased as a souvenir.
Nearby places Train stations Airports
UDAIPUR 195 Km 03H 05m
Abu Road 26 Km 00H 27m
Udaipur City 170 Km 02H 51m
Nearby major cities
Name Distance Duration
152 Km 02H 25m
155 Km 02H 30m
167 Km 02H 50m
152 Km 02H 25m
Ranakpur is famous for its magnificent Ranakpur is famous for its magnificient Jain temples supported by 1,444 intricately detailed marble pillars. Lying in a remote valley on the west of the Aravali range in Pali district, Ranakpur is the largest and one of the most important pilgrim site of Jains.
155 Km 02H 30m
Renowned in the history of Rajputana as the birthplace of its greatest son Rana Pratap. It is also home to the virtually inaccessible and impregnable fortress built in the 15th century by the great warrior Rana Kumbha of Mewar. The fortress stands on a 3,500 feet high hill overlooking the approach routes from Ajmer and Marwar. Today Kumbhalgarh is a fascinating destination that combines a magnificent fort and a wildlife sanctuary.
167 Km 02H 50m
Surrounded by the Aravali hills and regarded as one of the most attractive cities in India, Udaipur is a city of beautiful palaces and lakes that add immensely to the grandeur and romance of royal Rajputana.
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Weather
Season Min. Temp. Max. Temp.
Summer 22 °C 43 °C
Winter 12 °C 26 °C
Very hot in Summer with the mercury shooting up to 43°C at times. Starting from pre Winter months till the Summer arrives (October - March ) is the best time to visit.
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