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Ranakpur

Ranakpur is famous for its magnificent Ranakpur is famous for its magnificient Jain temples supported by 1,444 intricately detailed marble pillars. Lying in a remote valley on the west of the Aravali range in Pali district, Ranakpur is the largest and one of the most important pilgrim site of Jains.

About 90 km north of Udaipur, Ranakpur is a village located in the Pali district of Rajasthan in a valley on the western side of the Aravalli Range. A beautiful drive amidst green forests leads to Ranakpur.

An architectural marvel, the magnificent Ranakpur temple complex is an extraordinarily carved marble structure. The Jain community enjoyed the patronage of the Rajput rulers in Rajasthan; Seth Dharna Sah built the Ranakpur Jain temples in 1439 AD with aid provided by Rana Kumbha, the ruler of Mewar. An inscription found on a pillar near the temple suggest, that it was designed by an architect named Deepaka and took 65 years to finish. This temple is dedicated to Lord Adinatha. Also known as Rishabdev, Lord Adinatha was the first of the 24 Jain Tirthankars.

An imposing flight of stairs leads to the main temple. From outside it looks like an arrangement of smaller towers with the typical red and white Jain flag with tinker-bells. Spread over an area of 48,000 square feet, the temple has 24 pillared halls. The temple has four entrances, symbolising the Tirthankara's conquest of four cardinal directions. The four entrances lead to chambers which themselves lead to the main hall. In the main hall lies the image of Adinatha.

Another noteworthy feature is the presence of 1444 carved pillars in the temple - no two pillars are decorated with the same carvings. The rooftops of this beautiful temple have 'Shikhara' or the central part housing the deity below, turrets or small towers rising from the main temple and cupolas or small dome like structures.

The central ceiling of the temple is exquisitely carved with female figures, floral patterns and other intricate details. Brackets joining the top and bottom of the domes have figures of deities on them. This temple has three stories and its main assembly hall has two ceremonial bells weighing 108 kgs each. There are four smaller shrines and a basement of 4,500 square yards.

As the sun light moves over the temple its columns appear to change colour from white, to bluish to golden. It is a spectacular sight. The richness of architecture casts a spell on every visitor.

Other important temples around main Jain temple are the ancient sun temple, Parsvanath and Neminath temples.

Neminath and Parsvnath Temple:
These temples are situated facing the main temple at Ranakpur. They have beautifully carved sculptures of human forms. Parsvnath temple is also known for its carved windows. It is dedicated to Lord Parsvnath, the 23rd Jain Tirthankar. Neminath temple is dedicated to Lord Neminath, the 22nd Jain Tirthankar.
Sun Temple
Built in 13th century, this temple is made up of white limestone. The architecture is Nagara style, while the sanctum is crowned with Shikhara. Intricately carved sculptures can be seen here. An octagonal Mandapa with six verandas surrounds the temple.
Ghanerao
Many temples are located in this place; the main temple is the Gajanand Temple dedicated to Lord Ganesha. The Ganesha idol has Riddhi and Siddhi idols on both sides. Idols of Lord Hanuman and Bhairon guard the Ganesha statue.
Narlai
A further home to many Jain and Hindu temples, Narlai is situated at the base of a hillock. A giant elephant statue is present on top of the hillock. An old step-well can also be seen here. A Jain temple with beautiful murals is dedicated to Adinatha.
Sadri
8 km from Ranakpur, Sadri has some intricately carved temples. The Varahavtar Temple and Chintamani Parsvanath Temple are one of the oldest temples here. A Dargah of Khudabaksh Baba is also present.
Nearby places Train stations Airports
UDAIPUR 109 Km 01H 35m
Udaipur City 96 Km 01H 22m
Nearby major cities
Name Distance Duration
9 Km 00H 09m
95 Km 01H 24m
179 Km 02H 50m
9 Km 00H 09m
Renowned in the history of Rajputana as the birthplace of its greatest son Rana Pratap. It is also home to the virtually inaccessible and impregnable fortress built in the 15th century by the great warrior Rana Kumbha of Mewar. The fortress stands on a 3,500 feet high hill overlooking the approach routes from Ajmer and Marwar. Today Kumbhalgarh is a fascinating destination that combines a magnificent fort and a wildlife sanctuary.
95 Km 01H 24m
Surrounded by the Aravali hills and regarded as one of the most attractive cities in India, Udaipur is a city of beautiful palaces and lakes that add immensely to the grandeur and romance of royal Rajputana.
179 Km 02H 50m
Strewn with forts and palaces that date back to the 15th century, Jodhpur was the capital of the princely state of Marwar where the Rathor clan ruled. On top of a hill, at the edge of the town, looms the Mehrangarh Fort, giving it a touch of medieval majesty. Jodhpur is also home to the Bishnoi Tribals, the fierce custodians of nature.
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Weather
Season Min. Temp. Max. Temp.
Summer 23 °C 43 °C
Winter 11 °C 26 °C
Very hot in Summer with the mercury shooting up to 43°C at times. Starting from pre Winter months till the Summer arrives (October - March ) is the best time to visit.
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