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Valley of Flowers National Park

Nestled at an altitude of 3,600 meters above sea level lies the Valley of Flowers - a Unesco world heritage site - which is renowned internationally for its natural bounty of wild alpine flowers that carpet the entire valley creating a ethereal landscape that defies imagination. Valley of Flowers is a UNESCO nature heritage site.

A dream land of snow-capped mountain peaks in the horizon and rolling meadows streaked with gurgling streams; from July – September the valley erupts in colour with millions of blossoming wild flowers creating a natural phenomena of splendour.
Situated in the upper Bhyundar region of Garhwal Himalya, it was made famous by Frank Smythe, a botanist and mountaineer in 1931, when he chanced upon it on the way to Kamet; he was mesmerized by its beauty. He wrote a book "The Valley of  Flowers" which unveiled the beauty of the hidden valley to the world.
An area of 8,950 hectares was declared a National park in September 1982. Later, in July 2005 the valley was added to the list of World Heritage sites by UNESCO for its importance as the West Himalaya bio-geographic zone.
The Valley of Flowers is not easily accessible, which leaves the painting of the nature untouched by the ugly stamp of civilization. This is truly a heaven for trekkers.
The breathtaking beauty of nature here is awe inspiring. The mystical captivation of this place on travellers who have visited, has spread its fame by word of mouth, journals and books. Travellers from all across the world are naturally drawn to this place which had remained a secret for decades.
Best time to visit:
The valley is accessible from late April, but it takes on its grandest form of beauty from late July - end August. For a botanist it would be advisable to note the timing of a few of the flower species that bloom.
Rhododendrons are in full bloom from May - June, June - July is the time for Lilies, while Orchids and Primulas bloom from July - August.
The valley is situated on a glacial deposit around the Rataban and Nilgiri ranges. Several Stream originate from the glaciers and turn into rivulets with crystal clear water flowing around the Valley that finally merge into the Pushpawati River. Quietly the Pushpawati River flows through the valley and segregates the valley into two parts:
- the right bank is well known to enthusiastic trekkers,
- at the same time, the left bank is far less travelled, due to the existence of Nag Tal. It is believed that orchids have strong toxic characteristics and can cause severe harm if simply plucked, crushed or smelled.  .
How to reach:
From Rishikesh drive to Joshimath and stay the night there. The drive itself is adventurous and scenic, as the road runs parallel to the Alakanada.
From Joshimath to Govindghat it is a 21 km steep and thrilling drive. The road then ends 1km before Govidghat – all travelers must leave the car behind and walk from here.. Govindghat is the starting point for the trek to the famous Hemkund Sahib Gurdwara.
The 14 km trek from Govindghat to Ghangria is quite steep and takes about 7 hours, but it is speckled with beautiful views on every turn. It is advisable to hire a porter or mule to carry luggage.
The trekking path moves along the river Lakshman Ganga and passes the scenic Bhyundaar village. Ghangria is a small village that acts as a base camp for people going to Valley of Flowers.
It is advisable to rest for the night at Ghangharia and start off again early morning. The paths of Hemkund and Valley of Flowers branch off from here.

It is a further 2 hours/ 3km trek from Ghangaria to the Valley of Flowers. The trek is strenuous, but the beauty of nature throughout the journey makes it worthwhile the effort. The sheer number of unusual flowers like Himalayan Balsam and Hogweed dominate the valley along the trekking route; occasionally the flora is literally calling out for you to eave the path and explore other flower beds further afield. However, one should take care not to trample the flowers. It is an exhilarating experience to discover flowers that you have not seen and would never probably see again.
Flowers are coated in early morning dew drops, birds sing in all surrounding trees and the air is pure and filled with the scent of flowers – it is like heaven on earth.
Fauna
Himalayan musk deer, black bear, brown bear, Himalayan tahr, blue sheep, the endangered snow leopard and a variety of butterflies are found in the valley.  The aviatic-fauna include Koklass Pheasant and the rarely seen Himalayan Monal Pheasant.

After the monsoon showers, the valley is soothingly bathed and looks mesmerizing with flowers in full bloom, it transforms into a picture perfect land of an artists’ canvas, giving the look of an intricately woven massive carpet, with beautiful, colourful patterns and the mighty snow capped Himalayas acting as the back drop.
The entire valley vanishes under the snow during winter; with the snow melting and the arrival of sping and summer, the valley wakes up from its deep slumber and transforms into a land of fairy tale with hundreds of species of wild flowers blooming including the rare Himalayan Blue Poppy or Brmhakamal. 
India is a country of mythological beliefs and there is a legend attached to this place too. In the great epic Ramayana the story of Lakshmana, the younger brother of Ram, is told. He was badly woundedand Hanuman came to this place in search of Sanjivani, a plant with medicinal values. After having been administered this herb, Lakshman’s life was saved.

Nearby places Train stations Airports
Jolly Grant
DELHI INDIRA GANDHI INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
Haridwar Junction
Rishikesh
Nearby major cities
Name Distance Duration
20 Km
22 Km
34 Km
36 Km
20 Km
This high-altitude Gurudwara (temple), the Hemkund Sahib, is accessible only by means of a 19 km trek from Gobindghat on the Rishikesh-Badrinath highway. Encircled by snow-clad peaks and glaciers, the heavenly abode of Hemkund Sahib is a popular pilgrimage place for Sikhs.
22 Km
Perched at an altitude of 6,000 ft, lying on the mountain slopes above the rivers Alaknanda and Dhauliganga, Joshimath is a hill station famous for one of the four cardinal institutions established by Adi Shankaracharya.
34 Km
This shrine stands on the banks of the Alaknanda River, in the Garhwal Mountains. Behind the shrine the Nar and Narayan Mountain Ranges rise majestically in the shadow of the magnificent Nilkantha Peak. Badrinath is one of the holiest Hindu shrines dedicated to Lord Vishnu.
36 Km
Commanding magnificent view of the surrounding Himalayan peaks of Nanda Devi, Trishul, Ketu and Kamet , on the edge of the Nanada Devi national park, Auli is fast emerging as an important ski resort in India.
273 Km
Rishikesh is one of the most revered Hindu holy cities located in the Himalayan foothills with Ganga river flowing through it in all its grandeur. It is a picturesque place offering an amazing experience of spirituality, a glorious environment and adrenalin pumping white water rafting at the same time.
300 Km
Haridwar, located on the banks of the River Ganges, is one of the most revered Hindu pilgrimage destinations. Haridwar is the point where the Ganges descends to the plains; the city is world famous for the celebration Kumbh Mela which takes place every 12 years.
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Weather
Season Min. Temp. Max. Temp.
Summer 4 °C 25 °C
Winter -10 °C 12 °C
Valley of flowers is in the upper reaches of Garhwal, and remains inaccessible through much of the year( October - June). The best time to visit is mid July to Mid August when the flowers are in full bloom and the weather pleasant.
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