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Vembanad Lake

Vembanad lake is the one of the largest fresh water lakes in Asia and is the focal point of famous backwaters of Kerela.
Vembanad Lake, situated just 12 km west of Kottayam in Kerala is one of the largest fresh water lakes in Asia. The lake is an integral part of the famous backwaters of Kerala, as the network of small rivers and canals of Kottayam empty into Vembanad Lake.
The Vembanad Lake, locally known as Kayal, is a lagoon which is fed by both sea and fresh water rivers. A myriad of canals, streams and tributaries connect to this water body and present a perfect natural landscape lined with spores of coconut palms, greenery and flowers. Bordered by Alappuzha, Kottayam, and Ernakulam districts, the lake is separated from Arabian Sea by a mud barrier.
The clean water of the lake, amidst abundance of nature is a perfect destination to relax and rejuvenate. For nature lovers the renowned Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary located on the east coast of the lake is an ideal place for bird watching. It is home to several rare species of migratory birds like wild duck, waterfowl, cuckoo duck, darters, egrets and herons.
Exploring the lake waters in a Ketuvallam (houseboat) can make your trip very special. These thatched roof boats are traditionally decorated, but have been fitted with all modern facilities. Discovering the countryside and experiencing village life on Ketuvallams is a wonderful experience.
The lake is a natural heaven as it is surrounded by breathtaking scenery. Moreover, small hamlets and fishermen villages lined all along the lake lend the countryside a very rustic feel.
The town of Alappuzha located between the lake and the Arabian Sea is fondly known as the ‘Venice of East’; the town is built up around a network of criss-crossed water ways connecting the lake and the Sea.
The village of Kumarakom known for its natural beauty, dotted with coconut palms and mangroves is a cluster of small islands within the Vembanad Lake itself. The expansive landscape of the lake and adjoining areas is bound to capture the imagination.
Thanneermukkom Barrier:
With the vast Arabian Sea at one end the lake, the water of the lake is naturally separated into two parts by the so called Thanneermukkom salt water barrier. This unique mud barrier protects the entry of salt water into the other half of the lake, which is fed by river water. The sweet water is utilized for farming in the Kuttanad low lands.
Vallam Kali the renowned snake boat race is held every year in the month of August here at the extended part of the lake called the Punnamada Kayal. This festival known all over the world for the exclusive snake boats.
Nearby places Train stations Airports
Alappuzha 20 Km 00H 27m
Cochin Harbour Terminus
Nearby major cities
Name Distance Duration
20 Km 00H 26m
23 Km 00H 28m
51 Km 00H 56m
77 Km 01H 26m
20 Km 00H 26m
The water locked Alappuzha, formerly known as Alleppey is part of the famous backwater country - a captivating natural scenery of interconnecting, labyrinthine canals, lagoons, lakes and endlessly beautiful Arabian sea shoreline.
23 Km 00H 28m
The picturesque village of Kumarakom is a cluster of tiny islands on the backwaters of Vembanad Lake. The lake also houses the Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary which is an important biodiversity zone.
51 Km 00H 56m
Kochi or the erstwhile Cochin is a melting pot of culture from as far as Arabia, China, Portugal, the Netherlands and Britain. A bustling port city enriched with multi ethnic inhabitants and culture, is made up of small islands connected by the backwaters and canals, and a central commercial town with an old Portuguese fort standing tall over the Arabian sea.
77 Km 01H 26m
Lying along the coastal area of the Arabian sea on the Vypin island 35 KM from Cochi, Cherai is one of the most scenic beaches in Kerela. It is a unique place, where one can experience the backwaters and the blue ocean separated only by a few hundred meters.
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Best Seasons
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Season Min. Temp. Max. Temp.
Summer 24 °C 36 °C
Winter 20 °C 32 °C
Vemband enjoys a well-balanced tropical climate. Even the warmest months are significantly cooler in the evenings. Many migratory birds can be spotted here during the post monsoon season at the Kumarakom bird sanctuary.

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